Advertisement

Producing Adult Readers: 1930–50

  • David Bartholomae

Abstract

The right material for the right reader. This essay explores the large-scale organization of reading in the United States before, during, and after World War II but particularly during the depression, when unemployment or “enforced leisure” created a new and, to some, dangerous population of adults with time on their hands — time, it was felt, that might best be spent with a book. There were adult readers, of course, before the adult reader became a key term in a diverse program of research and instruction. For my purposes in this essay, the “adult reader” is a figure of speech, a character in the professional literature whose name is invoked to justify a research agenda, the expense of public funds, or the organization of a curriculum.

Keywords

Adult Education Library School Great Book Literary Tradition Adult Reader 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Works Cited

  1. Adler, Mortimer Jerome. How to Read a Book. New York: Simon, 1940.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, Harold A. “Reading Interests and Tastes.” Reading in General Education: An Exploratory Study. Ed. William S. Gray. Washington: American Council on Education, 1940. 217–70.Google Scholar
  3. Annotated List of Materials for Workers’Classes. New York: Affiliated Schools for Workers, 1934.Google Scholar
  4. Applebee, Arthur N. Tradition and Reform in the Teaching of English. Urbana: NCTE, 1974.Google Scholar
  5. Carter, Jean. Mastering the Tools of the Trade: Suggestive Material for Experimental Use in the Teaching of English in Workers’Classes. New York: Affiliated Schools for Workers, 1932.Google Scholar
  6. Compton, Charles H. Who Reads What? Essays on the Readers of Mark Twain, Hardy, Sandburg, Shaw, William James, the Greek Classics. New York: Wilson, 1935.Google Scholar
  7. Flesch, Rudolf. The Art of Readable Writing. New York: Harper, 1949.Google Scholar
  8. Gray, William S., and Bernice E. Leary. What Makes a Book Readable: With Special Reference to Adults of Limited Reading Ability: An Initial Study. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1935.Google Scholar
  9. Hourwich, Andria Taylor, and Gladys L. Palmer. 1 Am a Woman Worker. New York: Arno, 1974.Google Scholar
  10. LaBrant, Lou L. “American Culture and the Teaching of Literature.” Reading in General Education: An Exploratory Study: A Report of the Committee on Reading in General Education. Ed. William S. Gray. Washington: American Council on Education, 1940.186–216.Google Scholar
  11. Leavis, F. R. How to Teach Reading: A Primer for Ezra Pound. Cambridge: Minority, 1932.Google Scholar
  12. Literacy Volunteers of New York City. Selected from I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings and The Heart of a Woman. By Maya Angelou. Writers’Voices. New York: Literacy Volunteers of New York City, 1989.Google Scholar
  13. Lynch, James Jeremiah, and Bertrand Evans. High School English Textbooks. Boston: Little, Brown. 1963.Google Scholar
  14. National Commission on the Enrichment of Adult Life, National Education Association. ” Committee Report on Adult Education in the Library,” No. 33. Washington: 1936.Google Scholar
  15. Pound, Ezra L. How to Read. London: D. Harmsworth, 1931.Google Scholar
  16. Richards, I. A. How to Read a Page: A Course in Efficient Reading with an Introduction to a Hundred Great Words. New York: Norton, 1942.Google Scholar
  17. Rosenblatt, Louise. Literature as Exploration. For the Commission of Human Relations of the Progressive Education Association. New York: Appleton, 1938.Google Scholar
  18. Strang, Ruth. Explorations in Reading Patterns. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1942.Google Scholar
  19. Thompson, Denys. Reading and Discrimination. London: Chatto, 1934.Google Scholar
  20. Waples, Douglas, Bernard Berelson, and Franklyn R. Bradshaw. What Reading Does to People: A Summary of Evidence on the Social Effects of Reading and a Statement of Problems for Research. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1940.Google Scholar
  21. Waples, Douglas, and Ralph W. Tyler. What People Want to Read About: A Study of Group Interests and a Survey of Problems in Adult Reading. Chicago: American Library Assn. and U of Chicago P, 1931.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Bedford/St. Martin’s 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Bartholomae
    • 1
  1. 1.University of PittsburghUSA

Personalised recommendations