A Fraction of National Belonging: “Hybrid Hawaiians,” Blood Quantum, and the Ongoing Search for Purity

  • J. Kēhaulani Kauanui

Abstract

She is just the type of child some folks desperately wish I would bring into this world. Why? Because she is classified genuine “50 percent blooded” Hawaiian. This is how some talk about it. Never mind that the other “half” is Chinese; they could care less about the other racial makeup. She could be Puerto Rican, Filipino, Portuguese, White, or Japanese. What counts here, in some minds, is her Hawaiian “blood.” This reproductive description—indeed, this reproductive prescription— is not limited to me as a light skinned “less than 50 percent” Hawaiian per se; a 50 percent blood quantum rule continues to define “native Hawaiian” in state policy (see figure 8.1).

Keywords

Beach Cane Mast Photography Folk 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    See Kauanui, J. Kehaulani, “The Politics of Blood and Sovereignty in Rice v. Cayetano.” Political and Legal Anthropology Review 25 (1) 2002: 100–128.Google Scholar
  2. Kauanui 1999. “For Get” Hawaiian Entitlement: Configurations of Land, “Blood,” and Americanization in the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act of 1920. Social Text 59: 123–144.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    David Green, “Classified Subjects: Photography and Anthropology: The Technology of Power.” Ten 8 (14) 1984: 30–37.Google Scholar
  4. 24.
    Donna Haraway, Modest Witness ( New York and London: Routledge, 1997 ), 214.Google Scholar
  5. 25.
    William Atherton Du Puy, Hawaii and Its Race Problems ( Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1932 ).Google Scholar
  6. 26.
    Romanzo, Adams, Interracial Marriage in Hawaii: A Study of the Mutually Conditioned Process of Acculturation and Amalgamation ( New York: AMS Press, 1937 ).Google Scholar
  7. 37.
    Cythia Enloe, Bananas. Beaches & Bases: Making Feminist Sense of International Politics ( Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1989 ), 55.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Neferti X. M. Tadiar and Angela Y. Davis 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Kēhaulani Kauanui

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