Hybridity and Mestizaje: Sincretism or Subversive Complicity? Subalternity from the Perspective of the Coloniality of Power

  • Ramón Grosfoguel
Part of the New Directions in Latino American Cultures book series (NDLAC)

Abstract

Any intercultural or north/south dialogue must begin by identifying the coordinates of global power. One cannot hope for transparent communication, or aspire to an ideal communication community a la Habermas, without identifying the relations of global power and the silenced, excluded “others,” ignored or exterminated by global coloniality of power (Quijano, 2000). Any intercultural dialogue must take as its premise that we do not live in a horizontal world of cultural relations. Horizontality implies a false equality that does not contribute in any way to a productive dialogue between north and south. We should begin by recognizing that we live in a world in which relations between cultures are vertical, between dominated and dominators, colonized and colonizers. This verticality institutes important problems. One of them is how northern privileges—won through the exploitation and domination of global coloniality—impact communication, intercultural exchange and dialogue with the south. Before any such dialogue can occur, one must begin by recognizing the inequalities of power and the complicity of the north in the south’s exploitation.

Keywords

Sugar Europe Assimilation Beach Expense 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Works Cited

  1. Alarcón, Norma. “Chicana Feminist Literature: A Re-Vision through Malintzín/or Malintzín: Putting Flesh Back on the Object.” In This Bridge Called My Back: Writing by Radical Women of Color ed. Cherríe Moraga and Gloria Anzaldúa. New York: Kitchen Table/Women of Color, 1983, 182–190.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities. London: Verso, 1983.Google Scholar
  3. Anzaldúa, Gloria. Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza. San Francisco: Spinsters/Aunt Lute, 1987.Google Scholar
  4. Arrighi, Giovanni. The Long Twentieth Century. New York: Verso, 1994.Google Scholar
  5. Cesaire, Aimé. The Collected Poetry. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.Google Scholar
  6. Coss, Luis Fernando. “La Nación en la Orilla (Respuesta a los Post-modernistas Pesimistas).” San Juan: Editorial Punto de Encuentro, 1996.Google Scholar
  7. Dussel, Enrique. Hacia una filosofía política crítica. Bilbao, España: Editorial Desclé de Brouwer, 2002.Google Scholar
  8. Enloe, Cynthia. Bananas, Beaches and Bases. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.Google Scholar
  9. Grosfoguel, Ramón. “From Cepalismo to Neoliberalism: A World-System Approach to Conceptual Shifts in Latin America.” Review, 19 (2) (1996): 131–154.Google Scholar
  10. —. Colonial subjects. Puerto Ricans in a Global Perspective. Berkeley: The University of California Press, 2002.Google Scholar
  11. Gunder Frank, Andre. “Desenvolvimento do Subdesenvolvimento Latinoamericano.” In Monthly Review, 18 (5), Sept. 1966.Google Scholar
  12. Ianni, Octavio. Teorias de la Globalización. Mexico City: Veintiuno editores, 1996.Google Scholar
  13. Mignolo, Walter. The Darker Side of the Renaissance: Literacy, Territoriality and Colonization. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1995.Google Scholar
  14. —. Local Histories/Global Designs: Essays on the Coloniality of Power, Subaltern Knowledges and Border Thinking. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000.Google Scholar
  15. Ortiz, Fernando. Cuban Counterpoint: Tobacco and Sugar. Durham: Duke University Press, 1995.Google Scholar
  16. Quijano, Aníbal. “‘Raza’, ‘Etnia’ y ‘Nación’ en Mariátegui: Cuestiones Abiertas.” In José Carlos Mariátgui y Europa: El Otro Aspecto del Descubrimiento ed. Roland Forgues. Lima, Perú: Empresa Editora Amauta S.A., 1993. 167–187.Google Scholar
  17. Said, Edward. Orientalism. New York: Vintage Books, 1979.Google Scholar
  18. Saldívar, José David. Border Matters. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.Google Scholar
  19. Wallerstein, Immanuel. After Liberalism. New York: The New Press, 1995.Google Scholar
  20. —. The Capitalist World-Economy. Cambridge and Paris: Cambridge University Press and Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, 1979.Google Scholar
  21. —. The Modern World-System I. New York: Academic Press, 1974.Google Scholar
  22. —. The Modern World-System II. New York: Academic Press, 1990.Google Scholar
  23. —. The Modern World-System III San Diego: Academic Press, 1989.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Alexandra Isfahani-Hammond 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ramón Grosfoguel

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations