Disability (see also Ableism, Illness, and Disability)
The middle of the twentieth century saw the beginning of a major shift in the role of people with disabilities within society with the influx of disabled veterans following World War II and the rise of the civil rights movement. The first shift was from medical isolation and marginalization to medical rehabilitation and mainstreaming as a means of normalization. The second shift was to abandon the medical model in favor of a social model that sees the primary issue of disability as a social construct rather than a personal characteristic. This shift is seen in the rise of the disability rights movement and disability studies.