Counselor at Mordecai Gist

  • Gertrude S. Williams
  • Jo Ann Ooiman Robinson
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Oral History book series (PSOH)


By the time Gertrude left Charles Carroll of Carrollton, George Brain had retired from the superintendency to assume the deanship of the school of education at Washington State University in Pullman, Washington.1 From January to July 1965 Edward Stein acted as interim superintendent. In time for the fall term the city school board hired Lawrence Paquin to take charge of the public school system. The Baltimore News American introduced him as a “frank and alert New Englander who quotes poetry profusely, reads voraciously (including mysteries) and delights in a challenge.”2 That he found delightful the challenges presented by Baltimore is unlikely.


Black Student White Student School Board White Child Black Child 
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  1. 7.
    Charles A. Glatt and Arliss L. Roaden, “Slums, Suburbs, Schools and Sanctions,” The Maryland Teacher, September 1967, 30–31, 76–79. For another example of how some educators were viewing the “culturally deprived” child,Google Scholar
  2. see Gene C. Fusco, “Preparing the City Child for His School,” School Life, May 1964.Google Scholar
  3. 13.
    Diane L. Keely, “Conflict Group Formation and the Development of the Baltimore Teachers Union,” Ph.D. Dissertation, Fordham University, 1976, 175–193.Google Scholar
  4. 14.
    Kay Mills, “Hempstead Praises Work of Dr. Sheldon-Especially In the Area of Community Relations,” Baltimore Evening Sun, April 5, 1968.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Gertrude S. Williams and Jo Ann Ooiman Robinson 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gertrude S. Williams
  • Jo Ann Ooiman Robinson

There are no affiliations available

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