Teacher Training at Cheyney
In the fall of 1945, Gertrude left her large family in Germantown and moved 25 miles southwest to the campus of the State Teachers College at Cheyney, a historically black school with an enrollment of close to 300 students in Cheyney, Pennsylvania. In some respects her new surroundings were not that different from home and high school. College administration and staff maintained a firm rule of in loco parentis. They enforced high standards of personal deportment and academic performance. Religion held a central place in campus life. To make economic ends meet many students, including Gertrude, held jobs. At the same time, Cheyney—administered and staffed entirely by African Americans—opened up new vistas for its black student population. The institutional mission and curriculum incorporated a special emphasis on the history and place of African Americans in contemporary society.
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- 2.Linda Marie Perkins, “Quaker Beneficence and Black Control: The Institute for Colored Youth 1832–1903,” in New Perspective on Black Educational History, ed. Vincent P. Franklin and James D. Anderson (Boston: G.K. Hall, 1978) 24–27.Google Scholar
- 6.In addition to discussion of this issue in Clark and Conyers, see Raymond Wolters, The New Negro on Campus, Black College Rebellions of the 1920s (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973) 332–339. Aso Franklin, The Education of Black Philadelphia, 71–73.Google Scholar