Retired San Francisco Police Lieutenant Lou Calabro was raised in the Canarsie section of Brooklyn in the 1940s. It was here that he learned of the public perception of disproportionate Italian criminality. “The persistence of the image of the Italian as criminal,” comments one leading scholar of immigration history, “from the Black Hand assassin with a stiletto at the turn of the century, to the Prohibition-era gangster with machine guns, to the so-called Mafia and Costra Nostra of today, makes it one of the more enduring ethnic stereotypes.”1
KeywordsDepression Europe Assimilation Beach Smoke
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