The afterlife of John Brown is most associated with his bearded countenance. He emerged with the beard at a convention in Canada in May 1858 that was organized at Brown’s request by Dr. Martin R. Delany, the “father of black nationalism.” The purpose of the convention was to ratify the Provisional Constitution and Ordinances for the People of the United States and to recruit leaders for his vanguard army that he intended to lead through the South to liberate slaves.
KeywordsHistorical Society Mild Stroke Provisional Constitution Black Nationalism Brown Literature
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