Darwinian Evolutionary Theory

  • Alan Ebenstein


Hayek remarked in a paper read before the Cambridge University Moral Science Club on November 14, 1942, that he originally came to economics “thoroughly imbued with a belief in the universal validity of the methods of the natural sciences.” A way to understand Hayek’s mature thought is to recognize the extent to which he stemmed from a scientific—and, in particular, biological—background.


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  1. 4.
    “since well … Spencer.” Pat Shipman, The Evolution of Racism (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994), 107.Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    “Darwin of society.” Mark Skousen, The Making of Modern Economics (Ar-monk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, 2001), 145.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    “the foundation … struggle.” In Richard P. Appelbaum, Karl Marx (New-bury Park, Calif.: Sage, 1988), 30.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    “just as … history.” Ibid., 36.Google Scholar

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© Alan Ebenstein 2003

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  • Alan Ebenstein

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