‘Nations are not something eternal. They began, so they will come to an end. A European confederation will probably replace them. But such is not the law of the age in which we live’ [Renan in 19: p. 59]. So wrote the French historian Ernest Renan in his celebrated article Qu’est-ce qu’une nation? (1882), one of the richest and most original essays on the subject of national identity to appear in the nineteenth century.
KeywordsNational Identity Historical Textbook Peace Settlement French Historian Powerful Ideology
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