The Western State and the Outside World
While the development of the state has thus far been discussed in terms primarily of domestic forces, the international context has also been important. Geopolitical competition, and especially war, has often been seen as playing a significant role in state development. But the international context also includes the broader relationship between Western Europe and the rest of the world, most especially Asia. This raises the question of the non-European state and claims about both the uniqueness and superiority of the Western state form.
KeywordsEurope Income Turkey Arena Tral
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
Notes and References
- 2.Michael Mann, ‘State and Society, 1130–1815: an analysis of English State Finances’, in Michael Mann, States, War and Capitalism (Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1988), p. 89.Google Scholar
- 9.Perry Anderson, Lineages of the Absolutist State (London, Verso, 1974).Google Scholar
- Brian M. Downing, The Military Revolution and Political Change. Origins of Democracy and Autocracy in Early Modern Europe (Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1992) agrees with Mann about the implications of the nature of resource extraction for the type of political structure, adding two other sources of income to those identified by Mann: wealth from conquered territories, and foreign subsidies.Google Scholar
- 18.J.R. Strayer, On the Medieval Origins of the Modern State (Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1970), p. 60. Neither did reliance on mercenaries have the same sort of impact on the state as reliance upon a national army. The latter required the provision of arms, uniforms and general upkeep, and is therefore more likely to have an administrative impact than reliance on mercenaries who provided their own means.Google Scholar
- 22.Hendrik Spruyt, The Sovereign State and its Competitors. An Analysis of Systems Change (Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1994), pp. 84–6.Google Scholar
- 26.Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger (eds), The Invention of Tradition (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1983).Google Scholar
- 66.S.E. Finer, The History of Government. I. Ancient Monarchies and Empires (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1997), p. 473.Google Scholar
- 67.S.E. Finer, The History of Government. II. The Intermediate Ages (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1997), p. 743.Google Scholar
- 68.S.E. Finer, The History of Government. III. Empires, Monarchies, and the Modern State (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1997), p. 1, 135.Google Scholar
- 82.M.N. Pearson, ‘Merchants and States’, in James D. Tracy (ed.), The Political Economy of Merchant Empires. State Power and World Trade 1350–1750 (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1991), pp. 67–8.Google Scholar