Ecology of Plio-Pleistocene Mammals in the Omo—Turkana Basin and the Emergence of Homo

  • René Bobe
  • Meave G. Leakey
Part of the Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology book series (VERT)

Understanding the origin of the genus Homo in Africa remains one of the central problems in paleoanthropology. Consi derable empirical evidence relevant to this issue derives from the Omo—Turkana Basin, which includes areas surrounding Lake Turkana in northern Kenya and the lower Omo River Valley in southern Ethiopia (Fig. 15.1). This basin is well known for it rich record of Late Cenozoic vertebrates (Coppens et al., 1976; Harris, 1983, 1991; Harris et al., 1988; Harris and Leakey, 2003; Leakey and Harris, 2003; Leakey and Leakey, 1978). It also includes some of the earliest specimens attributed to the genus Homo (Prat et al., 2005; Suwa et al., 1996), as well as some of the best specimens of the genus from near the Pliocene/Pleistocene boundary (Leakey, 1973, 1976; Walker and Leakey, 1993; Wood, 1985, 1991).


Paleoenvironment paleoecology ShunguraFormation Koobi Fora Formation Nachukui Formation Pliocene Pleistocene mammals primates Suidae Bovidae 


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • René Bobe
    • 1
  • Meave G. Leakey
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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