Aut Moses aut Darwin. Creation Versus Evolution
The Czech revue Prostor organized in 2005 an opinion poll entitled Creation versus evolution. The editorial call to participants contained the following lines of explanation: An extensive discussion is under way amongst theoreticians of science, philosophers and theologians; it concerns the origins of the universe, age of the Earth, origins of life, and descent of humans. This serious debate often ends in a clash of ideas between the defenders of the Darwinian version of evolution (evolutionists), and advocates of the ‘creation’ theory that infers the emergence of the universe as well as the origins of life from the act of Biblical creation (creationists). The Darwinists maintain that their opponents represent a return to religious fundamentalism, this time under the cover of scientific rhetoric. Their opponents, in their turn, suspect materialist science of gasping for breath. Some optimistic researchers see in this ferment of opinions a new phase in human knowledge and thinking.