Hydrometeorology of Floods and Droughts in South Asia – A Brief Appraisal
- 635 Downloads
Flooding is a common event in South Asia. In fact, it has been said that after Bangladesh, India is the worst flood affected country in the world (Agarwal and Narayan). It is possible for extreme floods to inundate up to approximately 10 million hectares or nearly 70 percent of Bangladesh. By contrast, about 40 million hectares or nearly 12.5 percent of India is flood prone. Different types and extents of flooding occur in different regions of the subcontinent.
KeywordsMonsoon Season United Nations Environment Program India Meteorological Department World Meteorological Organization Hydrological Drought
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Agrawala S, Raksakulthai V, van Aalst M, Larsen P, Smith J, Reynolds J. Development and Climate Change in Nepal: Focus on Water Resources and Hydropower. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; 2003.Google Scholar
- Agarwal A, Narayan S. State of India’s Environment: Floods, Centre for Science and Environment. N. Delhi; 1991.Google Scholar
- Ahmad S, Bari A, Muhammed A. Climate Change and Water Resources of Pakistan: Impacts. Vulnerabilities, Coping Mechanisms, Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia, Proceedings of Year End Workshop, January. 2003;2003:138–201.Google Scholar
- Ahmad QK, Ahmed AU. Regional Cooperation in Flood Management in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Region: Bangladesh Perspective. In: Flood Problem and Management in South Asia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands; 2003. p. 181–198.Google Scholar
- Awan, S.A., 2002. The Climate and Flood Risk Potential of Northern Areas of Pakistan. Commission on Science and Technology for Sustainable Development in the South. http://www.comsats.org.pk/main_introduction.htm.
- Choudhury AM, Quadir DA, Neelarmi S, Ahmed AU. 2003. Kathmandu, January: Climate Change and its Impacts on Water Resources of Bangladesh. Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia. Proceedings of Year End Workshop; 2003. p. 21–60.Google Scholar
- De, U.S., Lele, R.R. and Natu, J.C., 1998. Breaks in southwest monsoon. Prepublished Scientific Report No. 1998/3, IMD, Pune, pp. 1-25.Google Scholar
- Dhar ON, Rakhecha PR, Mandal BN. Some facts about Indian rainfall - A brief appraisal from hydrological considerations. Ind. J. of Power & River Valley Devp.. 1981;31:117–125.Google Scholar
- Dhar ON, Mandal BN, Rakhecha PR. Rainfall distribution over India during the monsoon months in the absence of depressions and cyclonic storms. Mausam. 1984a;35(3):309–314.Google Scholar
- Dhar, O.N., Soman, M.K. and Mulye, S.S., 1984b. Rainfall over the southern slopes of the Himalayas and the adjoining plains during ‘breaks’ in the monsoon. J. of Climatol., UK, 4(6).Google Scholar
- Dhar, O.N. and Nandargi, S., 1998. Floods in Indian rivers and their meteorological aspects, Memoir Geolog. Soc. of India, Bangalore, 41, 1-25.Google Scholar
- Dhar ON, Nandargi S. Hydrometeorological aspects of floods in India. Natural Hazards. Kluwer Acad. Publ., Netherlands. 2003;28:1–33.Google Scholar
- Dixit A. Floods and Vulnerability: Need to Rethink Flood Management. In: Flood Problem and Management in South Asia, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands; 2003. p. 155–179.Google Scholar
- FAO, 1999. Cyclones, Storm and Floods Cause Devastation and Serious Food Shortages in Parts of Asia. FAO Global Information and Early Warning System on Food and Agriculture, http://www.fao.org/documents/.
- Government of India, 1972. Report of the Irrigation Commission, Vol. I. Min. of Irrigation and Power, Govt. of India, N. Delhi.Google Scholar
- India Meteorological Department (IMD). Rainfall and droughts in India. IMD, Pune: Report of the Drought Research Unit; 1971.Google Scholar
- India Meteorological Department (IMD), 2003. Weekly Weather Bulletin and IMSP News Letter of 2003.Google Scholar
- Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN), 2005. Pakistan: Winter rains alleviate drought conditions,http://www.irinnews.org.
- Kulshrestha, S.M., 1997. Drought management in India and potential contribution of climate prediction. Joint COLA/CARE Technical Report No.1, Centre for the Application of Research on the Environment.Google Scholar
- Kulshrestha, S.M., 2002. Flood Management in India. Joint COLA/CARE Technical Report No. 3. Centre for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies, Calverton, USA.Google Scholar
- Mirza, M., 2003a. Extreme Hydro Meteorological Events in South Asia: Adaptation and Coping Mechanisms. In: Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia. Proceedings of Year End Workshop, Kathmandu, January, 2003, pp. 236- 244.Google Scholar
- Mirza M. Three Recent Extreme Floods in Bangladesh: A Hydro- Meteorological Analysis. Netherlands: Flood Problem and Management in South Asia. Kluwer Academic Publishers; 2003b. p. 35–64.Google Scholar
- Nandargi S, Dhar ON. High frequency floods and their magnitudes in Indian rivers. Geo. Soc. of India. 2003;61(1):90–96.Google Scholar
- Nyrop RF, editor. Pakistan: A Country Study. Washington: US Library of Congress; 1983.Google Scholar
- Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), 2000. OCHA Situation Report No. 3: Pakistan - Drought, http://www.un.org.pk/drought/ocha-rpt3.htm
- Pakistan Water Gateway (PWG), 2002. Floods in Pakistan, www.waterinfo.net.pk/ pdf/fs2fp.pdf.
- Shrestha, K.L., Shrestha, M.L., Shakva, N.M., Ghimire, M.L. and Sapkota, B.K., 2003. Climate Change and Water Resources of Nepal. In: Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia. Proceedings of Year End Workshop, Kathmandu, January, 2003, pp. 91-137.Google Scholar
- Sikka, D.R., 2000. Monsoon floods in India. Joint COLA/CARE Technical Report No. 4, Centre for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies, Calverton, USA, pp. 1-54.Google Scholar
- Sikka DR. Evaluation of monitoring and forecasting of summer monsoon over India and a review of monsoon drought of 2002. Proc. Ind. Nat. Sci. Acad.. 2003;69(5):479–504.Google Scholar
- Umrani, A.P., 2001. Living with Drought, http://www.dawn.com/2001/04/09/ebr9.htm.
- UNEP, 1999 and UNEP, 2005.Google Scholar
- UN, 2001. Drought – Pakistan Update No. 13, Resident Coordinator of the United Nations System’s Operational Activities for Development in Pakistan, www.un.org.pk/drought/rcreport13.htm.
- UN, 2002. Drought – Pakistan Update No. 14, Resident Coordinator of the United Nations System’s Operational Activities for Development in Pakistan, www.un.org.pk/drought/rcreport4.htm.
- World Meteorological Organization (WMO), 1994. On the Frontline – Public Weather Services, WMO No. 816, Geneva.Google Scholar
- World Meteorological Organization (WMO), 2004. WMO Bulletin, 53(1), 1-92.Google Scholar