A Review on Current Status of Flood and Drought Forecasting in South Asia
- 688 Downloads
South Asia region is particularly vulnerable to natural hazards like floods and droughts. Other hazards, for example, cyclones, earthquakes, landslides and tsunamis are also common. However, floods and droughts occur more frequently than the other hazards. Circulation and variability of the monsoon, spatial and temporal variability of extreme events, large floodplain and coastal areas, high population density, economic situation, etc. contribute to the vulnerability to natural hazards. Every year, floods and drought cause enormous economic losses in the form of crop damage, destruction of infrastructure and human settlement, deaths of livestock population, diseases and nutritional problems, etc.
KeywordsStandard Precipitation Index Indian Summer Monsoon India Meteorological Department Aridity Index Flood Forecast
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Ahmad, S., Hussain, Z., Qureshi, A.S., Majeed, R. and Saleem, M., 2004. Drought Mitigation in Pakistan:Current Status and Options for Future Strategies. International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Working Paper 85, Colombo, Sri Lanka.Google Scholar
- Bhuiyan, S., 2004. Flood Forecasting, Warning and Response System. In: Proceedings of the National Workshop on “Options for Flood Risk and Damage Reduction in Bangladesh”, 7-9 September 2004, 1-10 pp. Dhaka.Google Scholar
- Down to Earth, January 15, 2003. Centre for Science and Environment, New Delhi.Google Scholar
- Gadgil S, Srinivasan J, Nanjundiah RS, Kumar KK, Munot AA, Kumar KR. On Forecasting the Indian Summer Monsoon :The Intriguing Season of 2002. Current Science. 2002;83(4):394–403.Google Scholar
- Government of Assam, 2004. Economic Survey of Assam 2003-2004 (http:// www.assamgov.org/ecosurvey/Flood.htm).
- Government of India. Annual Report 2004-2005. New Delhi: Ministry of Water Resources; 2005.Google Scholar
- Goswami, D., 2001. Paper presented in the conference on “Regional Cooperation for Flood Disaster Mitigation in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas”, Kathmandu, 15-18 May 2001, organized by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and World Meteorological Organization (www.southasianfloods.org, accessed in June, 2005).
- Hossain, A.N.H.A., 2004. An Overview on Impacts of Flood in Bangladesh and Options for Mitigation. In: Proceedings of the National Workshop on “Options for Flood Risk and Damage Reduction in Bangladesh”, 7-9 September 2004, Dhaka.Google Scholar
- Hossain, M.A., 2004. Weather Forecasting for Flood Disaster and Mitigation. In: Proceedings of the National Workshop on “Options for Flood Risk and Damage Reduction in Bangladesh”, 7-9 September 2004.Google Scholar
- Kattelmann, R., 2003. Glacial Lake Outburst Floods in the Nepal Himalaya: A Manageable Hazard? In: Flood Problem and Management in South Asia (M.M.Q. Mirza, A. Dixit and A. Nishat Eds.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands, 145-154.Google Scholar
- Khanal NR. Study of Landslide and Flood Affected Area in Syangja and Rupandehi Districts of Nepal. ICIMOD, Kathmandu: A Report submitted to Mountain Natural Resources Division; 1999.Google Scholar
- NASA, 2005 (accessed on May 21, 2005). Floods in Pakistan and Iran (http:// visibleearth.nasa.gov/view_rec.php?id=6771).Google Scholar
- Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD), 2003. Spatial and temporal analysis of 1999–2002 drought over Pakistan, Islamabad.Google Scholar
- Rahman, A. and Biswas, P.R., 1995. Drought Devours Resources. Dhaka Courier, Bangladesh, 11(42).Google Scholar
- Rajeevan M. Prediction of Indian summer monsoon: Status, problems and prospects. Current Science. 2001;81(11):1451–1457.Google Scholar
- Rao, D.P., 2000. Disaster Management. Proceedings of Map India 2000. April 10- 11, 2000, New Delhi.Google Scholar
- Rao, M.S., 1989. Keynote Address on Floods, Symposium on Preparedness, Mitigation and Management of Natural Disasters, New Delhi, August 2-4.Google Scholar
- Sarma, J.S., 2004. Review and Analysis of Drought Monitoring, Declaration and Management in India. International Water Management Institute (IWMI) Working Paper, Drought Series No. 2, IWMI, Colombo. Sri Lanka.Google Scholar
- Sheikh, M.M., 2001. Flood Forecasting System in vogue in Pakistan with a Case Study on the 1992 Flood in Jhelum River.Google Scholar
- Singh R. Practices and Current Status of Flood Forecasting and Management in India. Water Resources Development and Training Centre (WRDTC), Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India: Unpublsihed Paper; 2004.Google Scholar