A Review on Current Status of Flood and Drought Forecasting in South Asia

  • M. Monirul Qader MirzaEmail author


South Asia region is particularly vulnerable to natural hazards like floods and droughts. Other hazards, for example, cyclones, earthquakes, landslides and tsunamis are also common. However, floods and droughts occur more frequently than the other hazards. Circulation and variability of the monsoon, spatial and temporal variability of extreme events, large floodplain and coastal areas, high population density, economic situation, etc. contribute to the vulnerability to natural hazards. Every year, floods and drought cause enormous economic losses in the form of crop damage, destruction of infrastructure and human settlement, deaths of livestock population, diseases and nutritional problems, etc.


Standard Precipitation Index Indian Summer Monsoon India Meteorological Department Aridity Index Flood Forecast 
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© Capital Publishing Company 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Adaptation and Impacts Research Division (AIRD) Environment Canada c/o Department of Physical and Environmental SciencesUniversity of Toronto at Scarborough, 1265 Military Trail TorontoTorontoCanada

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