This chapter is concerned with application of the WIO model to real data, the basic structure of which was shown in Chapter 5, and the derivation of the WIO cost-price model as well. First, as a real example of WIO table, a WIO table for a small city in northern Japan is shown, which is characterized by ambitious management programs of municipal solid waste (MSW) with a rate of recycling around 70%. Secondly, large scale WIO tables for Japan with 50 to about 400 endogenous sectors with dozens of waste types are introduced, and the results of some applications based on the WIO quantity model are shown. Also dealt with is the issue of adjusting for the imports of waste in WIO, which were not touched upon in Chapter 5. A distinguishing feature of a waste treatment process consists in its dependence on the chemical properties of the incoming waste. The third topic of this chapter deals with the consideration of this “dynamic nature of a waste treatment process” in WIO by use of engineering models. Fourth, the cost and price counterpart of the WIO quantity model, the WIO price model, is derived, and numerical examples are given for its illustration. The contents of this chapter make use of Nakamura , Nakamura and Kondo [10,11].
KeywordsDust Petroleum Sludge Steam Rubber
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal.http://www.basel.int/. Cited 8 August 2008
- 2.Kondo, Y., Takase, K., & Nakamura, S. (2002). On the compilation of 1995 WIO table for Japan. In S. Nakamura (Ed.),Toward an economics of waste, in Japanese. Tokyo: Waseda University Press.Google Scholar
- 3.Kondo, Y., & Nakamura, S. (2007). On LCA and LCC based on the WIO. In S. Nakamura (Ed.),Life cycle input-output analysis, in Japanese. Tokyo: Waseda University Press.Google Scholar
- 4.Laboratory of Solid Waste Disposal Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University.http://www.pref.hokkaido.lg.jp/NR/rdonlyres/43BAA3FE-AC81–46A3–9810–4763E92317BB/0/jittaichousa17.pdf, in JapaneseCited 18 July 2008.
- 5.Leontief, W., & Ford, D. (1972). Air pollution and the economic structure: Empirical results of input-output computations. In A. Bróby A & A. C. Carter (Eds.),Conference on input-output techniques. Geneva, Switzerland: North-Holland.Google Scholar
- 6.Matsuto, T. (2005).Municipal solid waste treatment system: analysis, planning and evaluation, in Japanese. Tokyo: Gihoudou.Google Scholar
- 7.McDougall, F., White, P., Franke, M., & Hindel, P. (2001).Integrated solid waste management: A life cycle inventory. Oxford: Blackwell Science.Google Scholar
- 8.Nakamura, S. (1999). Input-output analysis of waste cycles. InFirst International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing, Proceedings. Los Alamitos: IEEE Computer Society.Google Scholar
- 9.Nakamura, S. (1999). On the compilation of WIO table for Japan.Waseda Journal of Political Science and Economics,340, 171–203 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
- 12.Nakamura, S.Waste input-output table.http://www.f.waseda.jp/nakashin/WIO.html
- 13.Nansai, K., Moriguchi, Y., & Tohno, S. (2002).Embodied Energy and Emission Intensity Data for Japan using input-output tables (3EID) -inventory data for LCA-. Tsukuba, Japan: National Institute for Environmental Studies.Google Scholar
- 14.OECD Fact Sheet About EPR.http://www.oecd.org/document/53/0,3343,en_2649_34395_37284725_1_1_1_1,00.html
- 17.Tanaka, N. et al. (2003).Basic knowledge of waste treatment engineering, in Japanese. Tokyo: Gihoudou.Google Scholar