Spontaneous Regeneration of Tropical Dry Forest in Madagascar: The Social–Ecological Dimension

  • Thomas Elmqvist
  • Markku Pyykönen
  • Maria Tengö
Part of the Landscape Series book series (LAEC, volume 10)


Loss of tropical forests and changes in land use/land cover affect climate and environmental change at global scales and are of growing concern worldwide (e.g. Achard et al. 2002; Lambin et al. 2003). Although most focus had been on deforestation, regrowth of tropical forest may be widespread. Achard et al. (2002) estimated that at a global level, the annual regrowth area of humid tropical forest is 1 million hectares compared with the annual forest loss of 5.8 million hectares. In other words, annual regeneration may correspond to roughly 20% of the total area of deforestation (see also Chapter 2 in this volume).


Tropical Forest Forest Cover Forest Regeneration Local Ecological Knowledge Forest Cover Change 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank Chantal Radimilahy, Elisabeth Rabakonandrianina, Paul Sinclair and Jean-Aimé Rakotoarisoa for help, advice and support throughout this study. We thank Jean-Aimé Andriamaherilala for fieldwork guidance and translation. We also thank Mark Fenn, WWF Madagascar, and the villagers in Manave, Mitsoriake, Mareñy, Lahabe and Amboanaivo for assistance during fieldwork. The study was supported by grants from Sida/Sarec and Formas. The analyses presented here builds on and is an extension of analyses published by the authors in PLoSONE (Elmqvist et al. 2007)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Elmqvist
    • 1
    • 2
  • Markku Pyykönen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Maria Tengö
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Systems EcologyStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Stockholm Resilience CentreStockholmSweden

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