• Megdonia Paunescu
  • Radu Alexandrescu
Part of the Lifelong Learning Book Series book series (LLLB, volume 14)

Regarding Education and Media in Southeast Europe, Country Reports on Education Capita & Capita (1999) specify that during the communist regime, civic education—as understood by the state authorities as a form of ideological education—was a top priority. The school system was included in the process of mass indoctrination. Formal education had, apart from the ideological framework of all subjects, at least three clear-cut instances of ideological education, namely subjects called “Constitution” (VII grade) and “Social-political education” (X grade), and the classes for “political education” (1 h fortnightly, lectures and debates over articles in party publications, grades V–XII).


Cooperative Learning School Subject School Culture Citizenship Education Civic Education 
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  1. Capita, L. (1995). Reforma invatamantului: Curriculum pentru istorie (Educational reform: The history curriculum); in Xenopoliana, III.Google Scholar
  2. Capita, L., & Capita, C. (1999). Education and media in Southeast Europe. Country reports on education.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Megdonia Paunescu
    • 1
  • Radu Alexandrescu
  1. 1.Cercetării şi TineretuluiMinisterul EducaţieiBucharestRomania

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