Radiobiological Effects Of 241 Am Incorporated In Cells Of Organism And Methods Of Prevention Of The Menace Of Combined Toxicity Of The Transuranium Elements

Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics book series (NAPSB)

After nuclear accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station (ChNPS) the radioactive isotopes 137Cs, 90Sr, transuranium and other elements transported vast amounts of the atmosphere, much of which was subsequently deposited not only in the immediate vicinity of power plant in Ukraine, Belarus and Russian Federation, but over the large parts of world. The contamination of wide territories not only in Ukraine with fission products of uranium and transuranium elements is an essential consequence of the accident ChNPS that is classified as a global ecological catastrophe. Radionuclide of this contamination is transferring through feed chains into drinking water, forage and foodstuffs and in the end these processes are responsible for accumulation of dose irradiation population of people.


Nuclear accident food chain contamination Chernobyl 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Blincoe C, Bohman V R, Smith D D (1981) Uptake and release radionuclIDes. Health Phys 41:285–291Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ellender M, Harrison J D, Pottinger H E, Thomas J M (1996) Osteosarcoma induction in mice by the alpha-emitting nuclIDes, Pu-239, Am-241 and U-233. Proceedings of 9th International Congress of the International Radiation Protection Association, Vienna, 4:67–69Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    van den Heuvel R, Gerber G B, Leppens H et al. (1995) Long term effects on tumour incIDence and survival from Am-241 exposure of the BALB/c mouse in utero and during adulthood. Int J Radiat Biol 68:679–686CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Labejof L, Berry J P, Duchambon P et al. (1998) Apoptosis of rat kIDney cells after Am-241 administration. Anticancer Res 18:2409–2414Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bulman R A (1978) The movement of plutonium, americium, and curium through the food chain. Naturwissenschaften 65:137–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bulman R A, Johnson T E, Ham G J, Harrison J D, Clayton R F (1993) Speciation of plutonium in potato and the gastro-intestinal transfer of plutonium and americium from potato. Sci Total Environ 129:267–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Grodzinsky D M (1995) Late effects of chronic irradiation in plants after the accIDent at the Chernobyl nuclear power station. Radiat Protect Dosim 67:41–43Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kutsokon N, Rashydov N, Berezhna V, Grodzinsky D M (2004) Biotesting of radiation pollutions genotoxicity with the plants bioassays: radiation safety problems in the Caspian region. Kluwer, Boston, MAGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schlenker R A, Thompson E G, Oltman B G, Toohey R E (1995) Bone surface concentrations and dose rates 11 Years after massive accIDental exposure to Am-241. Health Phys 69:324–328Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    SchmID E, Roos H (1996) Dose dependence of sister chromatID exchanges in human lymphocytes induced by in vitro alpha-particle irradiation. Radiat Environ Biophys 35:311–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fuhrmann M, Lasat M, Ebbs E, Cornish J, Kochian L (2003) Uptake and release of Cs-137 by five plant species as influenced by soil amendments in field experiments. J Environ Qual 32:2272–2279Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kabata-Pendias A (2000) Trace elements in soil and plants. Pulowy, PolandGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Frissel M J (1998) FAO/IAEA/IUR Protocol for experimental studies on the uptake of radionuclIDes from soils by plants. Annual review “Soil—Plant-Relationship”, Seibersdorf, AustriaGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bunzl K, Kracke W (1987) Soil to plant transfer of Pu-239/240, Pu-238, Am-241, Cs-137 and Sr-90 from global fallout in flour and bran from wheat, rye, barley and oats, as obtained by field measurements. Sci Total Environ 63:111–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Fresquez P R, Armstrong D R, Mullen M A, Naranjo L J (1998) The uptake of radionuclIDes by beans, squash, and corn growing in contaminated alluvial soils at Los Alamos National Laboratory. J Environ Sci Health B 33:99–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Popplewell D S, Ham G J, Johnson T E et al. (1984) The uptake of plutonium-238, 239, 240, americium-241, strontium-90 and cesium-137 into potatoes. Sci Total Environ 38:173–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Durbin P W (1973) Metabolism and biological effect of the transplutonium elements. In: Hodge H C (ed) Handbuch der experimentellen Pharmacologie, Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Filipy R E, Kathren R L (1996) Changes in soft tissue concentrations of plutonium and americium with time after human occupational exposure. Health Phys 70:153–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    McInroy J F, Kathren R L, Toohey R E (1995) Postmortem tissue contents of Am-241 in a person with a massive acute exposure. Health Phys 69:318–323Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Toohey R E, Kathren R L (1995) Overview and dosimetry of the Hanford americium accIDent case. Health Phys 69:310–315Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute Cell Biology and Genetic Engineering NAS of UkraineUkraine

Personalised recommendations