Radiobiological Effects Of 241 Am Incorporated In Cells Of Organism And Methods Of Prevention Of The Menace Of Combined Toxicity Of The Transuranium Elements
After nuclear accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station (ChNPS) the radioactive isotopes 137Cs, 90Sr, transuranium and other elements transported vast amounts of the atmosphere, much of which was subsequently deposited not only in the immediate vicinity of power plant in Ukraine, Belarus and Russian Federation, but over the large parts of world. The contamination of wide territories not only in Ukraine with fission products of uranium and transuranium elements is an essential consequence of the accident ChNPS that is classified as a global ecological catastrophe. Radionuclide of this contamination is transferring through feed chains into drinking water, forage and foodstuffs and in the end these processes are responsible for accumulation of dose irradiation population of people.
KeywordsNuclear accident food chain contamination Chernobyl
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Blincoe C, Bohman V R, Smith D D (1981) Uptake and release radionuclIDes. Health Phys 41:285–291Google Scholar
- 2.Ellender M, Harrison J D, Pottinger H E, Thomas J M (1996) Osteosarcoma induction in mice by the alpha-emitting nuclIDes, Pu-239, Am-241 and U-233. Proceedings of 9th International Congress of the International Radiation Protection Association, Vienna, 4:67–69Google Scholar
- 4.Labejof L, Berry J P, Duchambon P et al. (1998) Apoptosis of rat kIDney cells after Am-241 administration. Anticancer Res 18:2409–2414Google Scholar
- 7.Grodzinsky D M (1995) Late effects of chronic irradiation in plants after the accIDent at the Chernobyl nuclear power station. Radiat Protect Dosim 67:41–43Google Scholar
- 8.Kutsokon N, Rashydov N, Berezhna V, Grodzinsky D M (2004) Biotesting of radiation pollutions genotoxicity with the plants bioassays: radiation safety problems in the Caspian region. Kluwer, Boston, MAGoogle Scholar
- 9.Schlenker R A, Thompson E G, Oltman B G, Toohey R E (1995) Bone surface concentrations and dose rates 11 Years after massive accIDental exposure to Am-241. Health Phys 69:324–328Google Scholar
- 11.Fuhrmann M, Lasat M, Ebbs E, Cornish J, Kochian L (2003) Uptake and release of Cs-137 by five plant species as influenced by soil amendments in field experiments. J Environ Qual 32:2272–2279Google Scholar
- 12.Kabata-Pendias A (2000) Trace elements in soil and plants. Pulowy, PolandGoogle Scholar
- 13.Frissel M J (1998) FAO/IAEA/IUR Protocol for experimental studies on the uptake of radionuclIDes from soils by plants. Annual review “Soil—Plant-Relationship”, Seibersdorf, AustriaGoogle Scholar
- 17.Durbin P W (1973) Metabolism and biological effect of the transplutonium elements. In: Hodge H C (ed) Handbuch der experimentellen Pharmacologie, Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 19.McInroy J F, Kathren R L, Toohey R E (1995) Postmortem tissue contents of Am-241 in a person with a massive acute exposure. Health Phys 69:318–323Google Scholar
- 20.Toohey R E, Kathren R L (1995) Overview and dosimetry of the Hanford americium accIDent case. Health Phys 69:310–315Google Scholar