Survivable Architecture with Dynamic Wavelength and Bandwidth Allocation Scheme in WDM-EPON

  • I-Shyan Hwang
  • Zen-Der Shyu
  • Chun-Che Chang
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 33)


This study proposes a novel fault-tolerant architecture in WDM-EPON, Cost-based Fault-tolerant WDM-EPON (CFT-WDM-EPON), to provide overall protection. The CFT-WDM-EPON only equips a backup feeder fiber to recover the system failure. Additionally, a prediction-based fair wavelength and bandwidth allocation (PFWBA) scheme is also proposed to enhance the differentiated services for WDM-EPON based on the Dynamic Wavelength Allocation (DWA) and Prediction-based Fair Excessive Bandwidth Reallocation (PFEBR). The PFEBR involves an Early-DBA mechanism, which improves prediction accuracy by delaying report messages of unstable traffic ONUs, and assigns linear estimation credit to predict the arrival of traffic during waiting time. The DWA can operate in coordination with an unstable degree list to allocate the available time of wavelength precisely. Simulation results show that the proposed PFWBA scheme outperforms the WDM IPACT-ST with a single polling table and the Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth 3 (DWBA3) in terms of end-to-end delay and jitter performance.


Fault tolerance WDM-EPON Differentiated services PFEBR 


  1. 1.
    IEEE 802.3ah task force home page. Available:
  2. 2.
    N.J. Frigo, P.P. Iannone, P.D. Magill, T.E. Darcie, M.M. Downs, B.N. Desai, U. Koren, T.L. Koch, C. Dragone, H.M. Presby, and G.E. Bodeep, Wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components, IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, 6(11), 1365–1367 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S.J. Park, C.H. Lee, K.T. Jeong, H.J. Park, J.G. Ahn, and K.H. Song, Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network, Journal of Lightwave Technology, 22(11), 2582–2591 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: a review [Invited], Journal of Optical Networking, 4(11), 737–758 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. McGarry, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, WDM Ethernet passive optical networks, IEEE Communications Magazine, 44(2), 15–22 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. McGarry, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, An evolutionary WDM upgrade for EPONs, Technical Report (Arizona State University), (2005).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A.R. Dhaini, C.M. Assi, M. Maier, and A. Shami, Dynamic Wavelength and Bandwidth Allocation in Hybrid TDM/WDM-EPON Networks, Journal of Lightwave Technology, 25(1), 277–286 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    I.S. Hwang, Z.D. Shyu, L.Y. Ke, and C.C. Chang, A Novel Early DBA Mechanism with Prediction-based Fair Excessive Bandwidth Reallocation Scheme in EPON, Computer Communications, 31(9), 1814–1823 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    F.T. An, K.S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. (S.T.) Hu, K. Shrikhande, and L.G. Kazovsky, SUCCESS: A next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture, Journal of Lightwave Technology, 22(11), 2557–2569 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    K.S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, F.T. An, and L.G. Kazovsky, Batch scheduling algorithm for SUCCESS WDM-PON, GLOBECOM – IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, 3, 1835–1839 (2004).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    K.S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, F.T. An, and L.G. Kazovsky, Design and performance analysis of scheduling algorithms for WDM-PON under SUCCESS-HPON architecture, Journal of Lightwave Technology, 23(11), 3716–3731 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    K.H. Kwong, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for differentiated services over WDM-EPONS, 9th IEEE Singapore International Conference on Communication Systems, 116–120 (2004).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Zheng, Efficient bandwidth allocation algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks, IEE Proceedings Communications, 153(3), 464–468 (2006).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    E.S. Son, K.H. Han, J.H. Lee, and Y.C. Chung, Survivable network architectures for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks, Photonic Network Communications, 12(1), 111–115 (2006).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    X.F. Sun, Z.X. Wang, C.K. Chan, and L.K. Chen, A novel star-ring protection architecture scheme for WDM passive optical access networks, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Technical Digest Series, 3, Article number 1501381, 563–565 (2005).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, J.I. Kani, and K. Iwatsuki, Reliable wide-area wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network accommodating gigabit ethernet and 10-Gb ethernet services, Journal of Lightwave Technology, 24(5), 2045–2051 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    W. Willinger, M.S. Taqqu, and A. Erramilli, A bibliographical guide to self-similar traffic and performance modeling for modern high-speed networks, Stochastic Networks: Theory and Applications, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 339–366 (1996).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, An Architecture for Differentiated Services, IETF RFC 2475 (1998).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    X. Bai and A. Shami, Modeling Self-Similar Traffic for Network Simulation, Technical report, NetRep-2005-01 (2005).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    ITU-T Recommendation G.114, One-way transmission time, May 2003.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • I-Shyan Hwang
    • 1
  • Zen-Der Shyu
    • 2
  • Chun-Che Chang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Engineering and ScienceYuan-Ze UniversityChung-LiROC
  2. 2.Department of General StudiesArmy AcademyChung-LiROC

Personalised recommendations