Nanotechnologies and Environmental Risks

Measurement Technologies and Strategies
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

Abstract

Assessments of nanoparticle exposure are needed to enable risk assessments which are needed to achieve a sustainable development of nanotechnology including public perception. Therefore an overview of measurement techniques, needed data quality, comparability, and measurement strategies is given. Additionally some results of exposure related studies are summarized. Overall it is demonstrated that an integrated approach towards nanoparticle exposure assessments in workplaces, but also in the environment is needed, despite the current published results indicating mainly release of nanoparticle agglomerates in the size range larger than 100 nm.

Keywords

TiO2 Toxicity Dust Welding Manifold 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Asbach, C., H. Kaminski, H. Fissan, C. Monz, D. Dahmann, S. Mülhopt, H.R. Paur, H.J. Kiesling, F. Herrmann, M. Voetz, T.A.J. Kuhlbusch, Intercomparability of continuous particle number based measurement techniques for nanotechnology workplaces, Proceedings Euronanoforum 2007, European Commission, EUR 22833, 344–345, 2007Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Borm, P.J.A., D. Robbins, S. Haubold, T.A.J. Kuhlbusch, H. Fissan, K. Donaldson, R. Schins, V. Stone, W. Kreyling, J. Lademann, J. Krutmann, D. Warheit, E. Oberdorster, The Potential Risk of Nanomaterials: A review carried out for ECETOC, Particle and Fibre Toxicology 3:11, 2006PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Brouwer, D.H., J.H.J. Gijsbers, M.W.M. Lurvink, Personal exposure to ultrafine particles in the workplace: Exploring sampling techniques and strategies, Annals of Occupational Hygiene 48(5):439–453, 2004PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Butz, T. et al. Quality of Skin as a Barrier to ultra-fine Particles. http://www.uni-leipzig.de/%7Enanoderm/Downloads/Nanoderm_Final_Report.pdf, in Nanoderm Final Report to the EU, 2007Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dahman, D. et al. (16 authors) Intercomparison of mobility particle sizers, Gefahrstoffe Reinhaltung der Luft 61(10):423–428, 2001Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dingenen, R.V. et al. (27 authors) A European aerosol phenomenology - 1. Physical characteristics of particulate matter at kerbside, urban, rural and background sites in Europe, Atmospheric Environment 38:2561–2577, 2004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dixkens, H., H. Fissan Development of an electrostatic precipitator for off-line analysis, Aerosol Science & Technology 30:438–453, 1999CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fissan, H., S. Neumann, A. Trampe, D.Y.H. Pui, W.G. Shin Rationale and principle of an instrument measuring lung deposited nanoparticle surface area, Journal of Nanoparticle Research 9:53–59, 2007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hermann, M., B. Wehner, O. Bischof, H.-S. Han, T. Krinke, W. Liu, A. Zerrath, A. Wiedensholer Particle counting efficiencies of new TSI condensation particle counters, Journal of Aerosol Science 38:674–682, 2007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    John, A.C., T.A.J. Kuhlbusch, H. Fissan, K.-G. Schmidt, H.-U. Pfeffer, D. Gladke New sampling unit for size dependent chemical analyses of airborne dust using total reflection x-ray fluorescence spectrometry, Journal of Aerosol Science 31:149, 2000CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jung, H., D. Kittelson, Characterization of aerosol surface instruments in transition regime, Aerosol Science & Technology 39:902–911, 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kuhlbusch, T.A.J., S. Neumann, H. Fissan, Number size distribution, mass concentration, and particle composition of PM1, PM2.5 and PM10 in bagging areas of carbon black production, JOEH 1:660–671, 2004PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kuhlbusch, T.A.J., H. Fissan, Particle characteristics in the reactor and pelletizing areas of carbon black production, JOEH 3(10):558–567, 2006PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kuhlbusch, T.A.J., H. Fissan, C. Asbach, Measurement and detection of nanoparticles in the environment, in Nanotechnology, Volume 2: Environmental Aspects, Ed. H. Krug, ISBN 978-3-527-31735-6, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, p. 229–266, 2008aGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kuhlbusch, T.A.J., H. Kaminski, M. Beyer, D. Jarzyna, H. Fissan, and C. Asbach, Measurement of nanoscale TiO2 in workplace environments - method and results, in preparations, 2008bGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Maynard A. D., P. A. Baron, M. Foley, A. A. Shvedova, E. R. Kisin, V. Castranova, Exposure to carbon nanotube material: aerosol release during the handling of unrefined single-walled carbon nanotube material, Journal of Toxicology Environmental Health Part A 67(1):87–107, 2004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    McMurry, P. The history of condensation nucleus counters, Aerosol Science & Technology 33:297–322, 2000CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mirme, A., M. Noppel, I. Peil, J. Salm, E. Tamm, H. Tammet, Multi-channel electric aerosol spectrometer. In 11th International Conference on Atmospheric Aerosols, Condensation and Ice Nuclei, Budapest 2, 155–159, 1984Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shin, W. G., D. Y. H. Pui, H. Fissan, S. Neumann, A. Trampe, Calibration and numerical simulation of nanoparticle surface area monitor (TSI model 3550 NSAM), Journal of Nanoparticle Research 9:61–69, 2007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wang, S. C., R. Flagan, Scanning electrical mobility spectrometer. Aerosol Science and Technology 13:230–240, 1990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Yeganeh, B., C. M. Kull, M. S. Hull, L. C. Marr, Characterization of airborne particles during production of carbonaceous nanomaterials, Environmental Science & Technology, accepted, 2008Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wake, D., D. Mark, C. Northage, Ultrafine aerosols in the workplace. Annals of Occupational Hygiene46(Suppl. 1):235–238, 2002Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Air Quality & Sustainable Nanotechnology UnitInstitute for Energy and Environmental Technology (IUTA) e. V.DuisburgGermany

Personalised recommendations