Landscape 2.0



In order to anticipate on climate change and to adapt better and better to it the landscape en urban plans will have to implement adaptation measures in the designs or the planning will need to be adaptation-inclusive. These new typology of plans for spatial programmes and projects will emerge if changes in society are rapid and there is a need to anticipate on changes, which are foreseen on the long-term. A new landscape evolves in which people work together and anticipate on changes in a network-based way. Especially, in spatial planning and design the changes and adaptation measures will be incorporated. Because of the fact that long-term developments are unpredictable, the spatial planning no longer defines end images of the future but aims to define strategic interventions, which steer and initiate future developments in a more resilient direction. A new spatial planning paradigm emerges.


Planning Process Planning System Spatial Planning Complex Adaptive System Wicked Problem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ten BoerThe Netherlands

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