Landscape 2.0

Chapter

Abstract

In order to anticipate on climate change and to adapt better and better to it the landscape en urban plans will have to implement adaptation measures in the designs or the planning will need to be adaptation-inclusive. These new typology of plans for spatial programmes and projects will emerge if changes in society are rapid and there is a need to anticipate on changes, which are foreseen on the long-term. A new landscape evolves in which people work together and anticipate on changes in a network-based way. Especially, in spatial planning and design the changes and adaptation measures will be incorporated. Because of the fact that long-term developments are unpredictable, the spatial planning no longer defines end images of the future but aims to define strategic interventions, which steer and initiate future developments in a more resilient direction. A new spatial planning paradigm emerges.

Keywords

Biomass Assimilation Perforation Defend Tame 

References

  1. Adviescommissie Gebiedsontwikkeling (2005); Ontwikkel kracht!; Lysias Consulting Group B.V. AmersfoortGoogle Scholar
  2. Alders, H. (2006); De waterkolom als veiligheidspartner; Pinpoint Congres, Den HaagGoogle Scholar
  3. Bakas, A. (2005); Megatrends Nederland; Scriptum; SchiedamGoogle Scholar
  4. Bakas, A. (2006); Megatrends Europe; Marshall Cavendish Business; SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  5. Boskalis (2006); Plan voor de Vlaams-Hollandse kust; Adriaan Geuze, In: Buitenhof, 31-12-2006Google Scholar
  6. Castells, M. (1995); The Rise of the Network Society; Vol. 3; Blackwell; OxfordGoogle Scholar
  7. Conklin, J. (2001); Wicked Problems and Social Complexity (p. 11); CogNexus Institute; (online): http://cognexus.org/wpf/wickedproblems.pdf
  8. Dammers, E. (2000); Leren van de toekomst; Eburon; DelftGoogle Scholar
  9. De Roo, G. (2006); Understanding planning and complexity – a systems approach; AESOP-working group complexity and planning, May 29006, CardiffGoogle Scholar
  10. Dijk, A. van (2006); Ontwikkelen op niveau; Provincie Zuid-Holland, Den HaagGoogle Scholar
  11. Dobbelsteen, A.A.J.F. van den, Jansen, S. and Timmeren, A. van (2007); Naar een energiegestuurd POP; TU Delft, Provincie Groningen; GroningenGoogle Scholar
  12. Emery, F.E. and Trist, E.L. (1965) The Causal Texture of Organizational Environments; Human Relations, 18, 21–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Esselbrugge, M. (2003); Openheid en geslotenheid: een kwestie van combineren; Eburon; DelftGoogle Scholar
  14. Eye Magazine (2007); De nieuwe economie draait om liefde; Interview met Martijn Aslander; Eye Magazine 11-2007Google Scholar
  15. Florida, R. (2005); The Flight of the Creative Class; Harper Business; New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Geldof, G. (2002); Coping with Complexity in Integrated Water-Management, Universiteit Twente, Tauw; Enschede/DeventerGoogle Scholar
  17. Gladwell, M. (2000); The Tipping Point; Little, Brown and Company, Time Warner Book Group; New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. Gore, A. (2006); An Inconvenient Truth; Rodale; New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. Greenfield, S. (2003); Tomorrow’s People: How 21st Century Technology is Changing the Way We Think and Feel; Penguin books Ltd.; LondonGoogle Scholar
  20. Homan, T. (2005); Organisatiedynamica; Sdu uitgevers; Den HaagGoogle Scholar
  21. Huyink, W. (2006); Startdocument voor een nieuw Omgevingsplan Groningen; Provincie Groningen; GroningenGoogle Scholar
  22. IPCC; (2007b); Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability, Working Group II Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report; IPCC, Cambridge University Press; New YorkGoogle Scholar
  23. IPO (2001); Van ordenen naar ontwikkelen; Interprovinciaal overleg; Den HaagGoogle Scholar
  24. Innovatienetwerk Groene Ruimte en Agrocluster, International Centre for Integral Studies & Ministerie van LNV (2002); Samenleving in transitie, een vernieuwend gezichtspunt; Innovatienetwerk Groene Ruimte en Agrocluster, International Centre for Integral Studies & Ministerie van LNV; Den HaagGoogle Scholar
  25. Jacobs, J. (1961); The Death and Life of Great American Cities; Random House; New YorkGoogle Scholar
  26. Jacobs, D. and Roggema, R. (2005); Swarm Planning; Term Invented During Searching Conversation; Brainstorm June 2005, GroningenGoogle Scholar
  27. Johnson, S. (2001); Emergence; Scribner; New YorkGoogle Scholar
  28. Karelse van der Meer (2003); Urban Design Blauwe Stad, Province of Groningen; GroningenGoogle Scholar
  29. Meliefste, C.J., Ankersmit, G.J., Meere, M. and Verwer, E.A. (2008); Building on Structures, Adaptation to Climate Change; Master atelier Landscape Architecture, WUR; WageningenGoogle Scholar
  30. Mendini, A.M. (1994); Groninger Museum; Fabbri editori; BergamoGoogle Scholar
  31. Mitchell Waldrop, M. (1994); The Edge of Chaos, About Complex Systems, Uitgeverij Contact; Amsterdam/AntwerpenGoogle Scholar
  32. MVRDV, KCAP and Roggema, R. (2001); Working City, Development Plan Working Locations, Almere Poort; Department of Urban Development, Municipality of Almere; AlmereGoogle Scholar
  33. NRC Next (2007); Werken zonder uurtje-factuurtje; In: NRC Next, 7 November 2007Google Scholar
  34. Ridderstråle, J. and Nordström, K. (2004); Karaoke Capitalism; Pearson Education Limited; HarlowGoogle Scholar
  35. Rifkin, J. (2004); De waterstofeconomie; Lemniscaat; RotterdamGoogle Scholar
  36. Rittel, H. and Webber, M. (1973); Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning; Policy Sciences; Vol. 4; Elsevier Sientific Publishing Company; Amsterdam; pp. 155–169Google Scholar
  37. Roberts, K. (2006); The Lovemarks Effect, Winning the Consumer Revolution; powerHouse Books; New YorkGoogle Scholar
  38. Roggema, R.E. (2005); Hansje Brinker, Take Your Finger Away; Oxford Futures Forum; OxfordGoogle Scholar
  39. Roggema, R.E. (2007b); Climate Proof Regional Design in the Province of Groningen; Presentation Congress Climate Changes Spatial Planning; Den HaagGoogle Scholar
  40. Roggema, R.E. (2008b); Landschap 2.0; in: Roggema, R.E. (ed.) Tegenhouden of meebewegen, adaptatie aan klimaatverandering en de ruimte; WEKA uitgeverij B.V.; AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  41. Roggema, R.E. (2008c); Swarm Planning: A New Design Paradigm Dealing with Long Term Problems, Like Climate Change; in: Business Planning for Turbulent Times; Ramirez, R., Heijden, K. van der and Selsky, J.W. (eds.); Earthscan; LondonGoogle Scholar
  42. Roggema, R.E. (2008d); Climate Change, Energy-Potentials and Regional Design; PhD-proposal; Technical University Delft and Wageningen University & Research Centre; Delft/WageningenGoogle Scholar
  43. Roggema, R.E. (2008e); The Use of Spatial Planning to Increase the Resilience for Future Turbulence in the Spatial System of the Groningen Region to Deal with Climate Change ; Proceedings UKSS-Conference ‘Building Resilience: Responding to a Turbulent World’; Oxford University, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  44. Roggema, R.E. (2009); From the Dutch New Spatial Law, Via Development Planning Towards Swarm Planning, First Contours of an Emerging New Planning Paradigm; Climate Changes Spatial Planning and Province of Groningen; GroningenGoogle Scholar
  45. Roggema, R.E. and Dobbelsteen, A. van den, (2006); How Was Becomes; In: The Management of Natural Resources, Sustainable Development and Ecological Hazards, the Ravage of the Planet; Brebbia, C. A., Conti, M.E. and Tiezzi, E. (eds.); WIT Press; SouthamptonGoogle Scholar
  46. Roggema, R.E., Dobbelsteen, A. van den and Stegenga, K. (2006); Pallet of Possibilities, Grounds for Change; Province of Groningen; GroningenGoogle Scholar
  47. Roggema, R.E. and Huyink, W. (2007); Atlas Groningen, Analytical Document Environmental-Spatial Plan – Concept; Province of Groningen; GroningenGoogle Scholar
  48. Rooy, P. van, Luin, A. van and Dil, E. (2006); Nederland boven water, praktijkboek gebiedsontwikkeling, Habiforum; GoudaGoogle Scholar
  49. Ruimtelijk Planbureau (2004); Ontwikkelingsplanologie, lessen uit en voor de praktijk; NAi Uitgevers; RotterdamGoogle Scholar
  50. Schön, D.A. and Rein, M. (1994); Frame Reflection; Basic Books; New YorkGoogle Scholar
  51. Teisman, G.R. (1997); Sturen via creatieve concurrentie, Inaugurele rede Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen; NijmegenGoogle Scholar
  52. Timmermans, W. (2004); Crises and innovation in sustainable city planning; In: The sustainable city III; urban regeneration and sustainability: 3rd international conference on urban regeneration and sustainability; Siena (Italy), June 16–18, 2004, Southamption (UK) [etc.]: WIT Press, 3rd international conference on urban regeneration and sustainability; Siena (Italy)Google Scholar
  53. Toffler Alvin en Heidi (2006); Revolutionaire rijkdom, Hoe de nieuwe welvaart onze levens gaat veranderen; Uitgeverij Contact, Amsterdam/AntwerpenGoogle Scholar
  54. VROM, Ministerie van (2003); Van hindermacht naar ontwikkelkracht?; Ministerie van VROM; Den HaagGoogle Scholar
  55. VROM-raad (2004); Gereedschap voor ruimtelijke ontwikkelingspolitiek; VROM-raad; Den HaagGoogle Scholar
  56. VROM-raad (2006); Slimmer investeren: advies over het besluitvormingsproces bij strategische rijksinvesteringen; Advies 057; VROM-raad; Den HaagGoogle Scholar
  57. Walker, B., Holling, C.S., Carpenter, S.R. and Kinzig, A. (2004); Resilience, Adaptability and Transformability in Social-Economic Systems ; Ecology and Society 9 (2):5. (Online) URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss2/art5/Google Scholar
  58. Walker, B. and Salt, D. (2006); Resilience Thinking; Island Press; Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  59. Wolfram, S. (2002); A New Kind of Science; Wolfram Media; ChampaignGoogle Scholar
  60. WRR (1998); Ruimtelijke ontwikkelingspolitiek; Rapporten aan de regering nr. 53; Sdu Uitgevers; Den HaagGoogle Scholar
  61. Zonneveld, W. (1991); Conceptvorming in de ruimtelijke planning; Universiteit van Amsterdam; AmsterdamGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ten BoerThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations