Observational Cosmology with the ELT and JWST
The three hottest themes in modern observational cosmology are all qualified by the word “dark”: Dark Matter, Dark Energy and Dark Ages. Dark Matter and Dark Energy are studied by a variety of techniques both from the ground and from space and we expect that the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST, [J.P. Gardner, J.C. Mather, M. Clampin et al. in Space Sci. Rev. 123, 485 (2006)] will contribute to these areas (e.g. [A.G. Riess, M. Livio in Astrophys. J. 648, 884 (2006)] but will not be dominant. In contrast, the study of the Cosmic Dark Ages is one of the four main themes of JWST and I expect its contributions to this field to be major.
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