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Communist Rule and the Food Security Situation

Chapter
Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 35)

Abstract

Since 1949, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), a Leninist political organization leading a party-state, has ruled China. In this chapter we narrate the development of the planned economy in China, including agricultural growth targets, and then focus on the early choices of the regime, which influenced agricultural production: land reform and collectivization, the Great Leap Forward (1958–1960), and the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976). After the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, and a brief succession struggle, Deng Xiaoping assumed leadership of the party and state. Deng radically changed China’s economic development policy, opening the Chinese economy to competition and gradually engaging the Chinese marketplace with the world. The chapter also treats the current food system (focusing on production and use) in 2009, as well as changes in food choices in China.

Keywords

Command economy Collectivization Communes Great Leap Forward Cultural Revolution Household responsibility system Grain reserves “Opening to the world,” Plant foods Animal foods Food sufficiency Poverty Changes in food preferences 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of AlaskaFairbanksUSA

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