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Systematics of the Trichogrammatidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) with a Focus on the Genera Attacking Lepidoptera

  • Ranyse B. Querino
  • Roberto A. Zucchi
  • John D. Pinto
Chapter
Part of the Progress in Biological Control book series (PIBC, volume 9)

Abstract

The Trichogrammatidae are represented by 89 genera and more than 800 species distributed worldwide, both in terrestrial and aquatic habitats. Fifty-six genera occur in the New World. Most South American records to the family are concerned to Trichogramma and Trichogrammatoidea, whose species are commonly used in biological control. The New World genera of Trichogrammatidae associated with Lepidoptera are Lathromeris Forster, Paracentrobia Howard, Paratrichogramma Girault, Trichogramma Westwood, Trichogrammatoidea Girault, Trichogrammatomyia Girault, Tumidiclava Girault and Xenufens Girault. A key and a brief synopsis of these genera are presented; however, a thorough discussion on Trichogramma is made. In spite of recent advances, the local fauna of many regions of the South America remains poorly known, although this knowledge is important to foster the use of Trichogramma in biological control programs.

Keywords

Biological Control Male Genitalia Marginal Vein Trichogramma Species Antennal Flagellum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ranyse B. Querino
    • 1
  • Roberto A. Zucchi
    • 2
  • John D. Pinto
    • 3
  1. 1.Embrapa Meio-NorteTeresinaBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento Entomologia e AcarologiaESALQ/USPPiracicabaBrazil
  3. 3.Department of EntomologyUniversity of CaliforniaRiversideUSA

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