Abstract

Classical and altitude rocket-and-wire techniques for triggering lightning are described. Various characteristics of triggered lightning derived from measurements of current at the lightning channel base and from close electric and magnetic field records are reviewed. New insights into lightning processes gained from triggered-lightning experiments are discussed.

Keywords

Lightning triggering techniques Triggered-lightning parameters Lightning current Grounding conditions Ground surface arcing Fulgurites Current time-derivative Close lightning electromagnetic environment 

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir A. Rakov
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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