Obsidian exploitation and utilization during the Oldowan at Melka Kunture (Ethiopia)

  • Marcello Piperno
  • Carmine Collina
  • Rosalia Gallotti
  • Jean-Paul Raynal
  • Guy Kieffer
  • Francois-Xavier le Bourdonnec
  • Gerard Poupeau
  • Denis Geraads
Part of the Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology book series (VERT)

Abstract

The Oldowan assemblages of Melka Kunture represent the earliest known example of obsidian utilization. The proximity of primary and secondary sources of Balchit obsidian, a high quality raw material easily available in large quantities, is a unique situation among East African Oldowan sites. Obsidian represents a large component of the lithic assemblages at Melka Kunture, not only during the Oldowan but during the Acheulian times as well. Other volcanic rocks are incorporated into the technological system at Melka Kunture such as basalts, ignimbrites, trachytes and trachybasalts, which present completely different characteristics for knapping.

Keywords

Explosive Gravel Lithology Trench Stratigraphy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcello Piperno
    • 1
  • Carmine Collina
    • 2
    • 3
  • Rosalia Gallotti
    • 4
  • Jean-Paul Raynal
    • 5
  • Guy Kieffer
    • 6
  • Francois-Xavier le Bourdonnec
    • 7
  • Gerard Poupeau
    • 8
  • Denis Geraads
    • 9
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze Storiche Archeologiche e Antropologiche dell’AntichitàUniversità di Roma “La Sapienza”RomaItaly
  2. 2.Université Nice -Sophia AntipolisFrance
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Scienze Storiche Archeologiche e Antropologiche dell’AntichitàUniversità di Roma “La Sapienza”RomaItaly
  4. 4.Dipartimento di Scienze Storiche Archeologiche e Antropologiche dell’AntichitàUniversità di Roma “La Sapienza”RomaItaly
  5. 5.Université de Bordeaux 1TalenceFrance
  6. 6.France
  7. 7.Institut de Recherche sur les ArchéomatériauxUMR 5060 CNRS-Université Bordeaux 3 Maison de l’ArchéologieEsplanade des AntillesPessacFrance
  8. 8.Institut de Recherche sur les ArchéomatériauxUMR 5060 CNRS-Université Bordeaux 3 Maison de l’ArchéologieEsplanade des AntillesPessacFrance
  9. 9.ParisFrance

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