Birds Learn to Swim and Fish Learn to Fly: Lessons from the Philippines on AVE for Social Sustainability

  • Edicio dela Torre
Part of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (TVET, volume 9)


As an adult educator working in the Philippines, my understanding of social sustainability lies at the intersection of social justice, environmental protection, and sustainable development. Through the lens of my life and work in the Philippines over a period of four decades, I discuss the various tensions that I have encountered between adult and popular education and technical and vocational education, and between government, non-government organizations, and social movements, as each sector strives to realize their different visions of sustainability in the Philippines.


Social Justice Vocational Education Land Reform Social Sustainability Authoritarian Rule 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edicio dela Torre
    • 1
  1. 1.Education for Life FoundationQuezon City

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