Aristotle's Biology


Even a superficial reading of Aristotle's Physics shows how fundamentally our beliefs about the inanimate world differ from his. The Scientific Revolution overthrew his conception of the cosmos entirely. In stark contrast, his surviving works on biology give an overall impression of modernity. Biologists today think about organisms much as Aristotle did, asking similar questions and, in many cases, giving broadly similar (though much more detailed) answers. There are important differences, which came to be the battlegrounds in the ‘war of attrition’ against Aristotelianism that extended from the late 17th to the early 20th century. But the similarities are more immediately striking.


Scientific Revolution Spontaneous Generation Teleological Explanation Animal Spirit Aristotelian Notion 
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