Advertisement

Mediaeval Views of the World

Chapter
  • 1k Downloads

Traditional histories of science acknowledge that the Arabs preserved much Classical learning. Sometimes they name a few leading scholars of the Muslim world in the 8th–12th centuries, usually in Latinised forms: Al-Jabr (Geber), Al-Khwarizmi, Ar-Razi (Rhazes), Ibn Sina (Avicenna), Ibn Rushd (Averroës). But such accounts are usually intended as a prelude to the ‘real story’, i.e. European developments after the 16th century (Chapter 1). They seldom consider that the prelude is, or should be, a story in itself: yet the European developments that culminated in modern science were presaged by Muslim contributions.

What were these contributions, how did the Muslim world come to make them, and why have they been relegated to little more than footnotes in most histories of science?

Keywords

Natural World Muslim World Classical Antiquity Christian Theology Islamic World 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Arnold T, Guillaume A (1931) The Legacy of Islam. Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  2. Ajram K (1992) The Miracle of Islamic Science. Cedar Graphics, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, IA.Google Scholar
  3. Bakar O (1999) History and Philosophy of Islamic Science. Islamic Texts, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  4. Baldwin JW (1971) The Scholastic Culture of the Middle Ages, 1000–1300. Heath and Co., Lexington, MA.Google Scholar
  5. Benson RL, Constable G (1991) Renaissance and Renewal in the Twelfth Century. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.Google Scholar
  6. Coplestone FC (1955) Aquinas. Penguin, Baltimore, MD.Google Scholar
  7. Crombie AC (1971) Robert Grosseteste and the Origins of Experimental Science 1100–1700. Clarendon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  8. Grant E (1996) The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages: Their Religious, Institutional and Intellectual Contexts. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  9. Huff T (1995) The Rise of Early Modern Science: Islam, China and the West. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  10. Lindberg DC (1992) The Beginnings of Western Science. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.Google Scholar
  11. Nasr SN (1968) Science and Civilization in Islam. New American Library, New York.Google Scholar
  12. Pines S (1986) Studies in Arabic Versions of Greek Texts and in Mediaeval Science. Brill, Leiden.Google Scholar
  13. Riché P (1976) Education and Culture in the Barbarian West: From the Sixth through the Eighth Century. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia.Google Scholar
  14. Russell B (1946) History of Western Philosophy, 3rd ed. George Allen & Unwin, London.Google Scholar
  15. Sarton G (1927) Introduction to the History of Science. Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication no. 376, Baltimore, MD.Google Scholar
  16. Turner HR (1995) Science in Medieval Islam: An Illustrated Introduction. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX.Google Scholar
  17. White TH (1954) The Bestiary: A Book of Beasts, being a Translation from a Latin Bestiary of the Twelfth Century. Putnam's, New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Personalised recommendations