Summary, Final Comments and Conclusions

  • Joseph Seckbach
  • Julian Chela-Flores
  • Aharon Oren
  • Francois Raulin
Part of the Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology book series (COLE, volume 12)

This volume describes and discusses the oldest, extinct microorganisms from the depth of Earth and possible microbes from the upper spheres above Earth. Even though spacecraft or space Lander vehicles have yet to detect life traces outside of Earth, it is well possible that a record of past life or even currently living forms will be found on the surface or in subsurface areas of some extraterrestrial places.


Solar System Fossil Evidence Extrasolar Planet Planetary Body Stable Isotope Study 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Blank, C.E. (2008). Phylogenomic dating and the relative ancestry of prokaryotic metabolism. This volume.Google Scholar
  2. Brasier, M.D., Green, O.R., Jephcoat, A.P., Kleppe, A.K., van Kranendonk, M.J., Lindsay, J.F., Steele, A. and Gassineau, N.V. (2002). Questioning the evidence for Earth’s oldest fossils. Nature 416, 76–81.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. Brasier, M.D., McLoughlin, N., Green, O.R. and Wacey, D. (2006). A fresh look at the fossil evidence for early Archaean cellular life. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 361, 887–902.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Broda, E. (1975). The Evolution of the Bioenergetic Processes. Pergamon, Oxford.Google Scholar
  5. Burns, B.P., Walter, M.R. and Neilan, B.A. (2008). Stromatolites. This volume.Google Scholar
  6. Horgan, J. (1991). In the beginning…. Sci. Am. 264(2), 116–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Mojzsis, S.J., Arrhenius, G., McKeegan, K.D., Harrison, T.M., Nutman, A.P. and Friend, C.R.L. (1996). Evidence for life on Earth 3,800 million years ago. Nature 384, 55–59.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. Peretó, J. (2005). Controversies on the origin of life. Int. Microbiol. 8, 23–31.ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. Schidlowski, M. (1988). A 3,800-million-year isotopic record of life from carbon in sedimentary rocks. Nature 333, 313–318.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. Wacey, D., McLoughlin, N and Brasier, M.D. (2008). The search for windows into the earliest history of life on Earth and Mars. This volume.Google Scholar
  11. Woese, C.R. (1987). Bacterial evolution. Microbiol. Rev. 51, 221–271.Google Scholar
  12. Woese, C.R. (1994). There must be a prokaryote somewhere: microbiology’s search for itself. Microbiol. Res. 58, 1-9.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph Seckbach
    • 1
  • Julian Chela-Flores
    • 2
    • 3
  • Aharon Oren
    • 4
  • Francois Raulin
    • 5
  1. 1.EfratIsrael
  2. 2.The Abdus Salam ICTPTriesteItalia
  3. 3.Instituto De Estudios Avanzados, IdeaCaracasRepública Bolivariana de Venezuela
  4. 4.Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, The Institute of Life Sciences, and the Moshe Shilo Minerva Center for Marine BiogeochemistryThe Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael
  5. 5.Lisa Umr Cnrs 7583 Universités Paris 12 & Paris 7Creteil CedexFrance

Personalised recommendations