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Health Risks and Benefits from Biotechnology

Abstract

The revolution in DNA technology has permitted the development of otherwise unavailable and novel biological medicines; has provided new and efficient methods for the large-scale production of existing substances; is the basis for novel, highly sensitive and specific diagnostic tests; has developed new techniques in genetic engineering; is the basis for the development of new and safer vaccines, which are more effective and can be produced in larger quantities than by any other means; is a major key to new fundamental understanding of normal and disease processes.

As far as risks are concerned, a few examples will be mentioned, related to biotechnology-derived products (biologicals), human embryonic stem cells, gene therapy and application of functional genomics. As a final step, the so-called precautionary principle will be introduced, since it raises a cluster of questions about how prudently to engage in risk-taking.

Keywords

Health risks and benefits biotechnology biological medicines cell therapy genetic enhancement 

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References

  1. Ebbesen, M., & Jensen, T. G. (2006). Nanomedicine: Techniques, potentials, and ethical implications. Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology, 5, 515–516.Google Scholar
  2. Habermas, J. (2003). The future of human nature. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Genetica, Biologia e BiochimicaUniversità degli Studi di TorinoTorinoItaly

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