• Francesca Molfino
  • Flavia Zucco

In the area of natural and physical science, biology, as a life science, seeks to account both for the conservation of individuals and the invariance of certain laws of the discipline, and for their transformations. It seeks to construct laws and at the same time account for processes that often seem to be incompatible with their absolute, generalised nature. On the inclusion of man in contemporary science we see a form that we might define as ‘phagotization of the human dimension in its biological sense, and a rootedness of our humanness in the material bases common to all living things (e.g. DNA, physical-metabolic functions, cognitive neural connections, knowledge of the outside world dependent on belonging to the species)’ (Gagliasso 2001). The aim is to account for the entire human person (psychic characteristics, forms of societal and economic organisation) through the apparatus of the laws of biological evolution, recently integrated with the laws of molecular genetics and population genetics.

However, once the human species found a place as an object of the natural sciences, it should have brought with it the relevant set of humanities but, since they were deemed insufficient for the production of ‘scientific’ truths, and thus unreliable, no intermediate space was created for exchange between the various ways of thinking about humankind. The rift between the various forms of knowledge that had begun to open in the last few centuries grew wider and deeper. This separateness was imposed in part because it was believed that science could draw upon the ‘absolute truth’ (credibility turned to faith), thereby substituting the certainties belonging to religion, philosophy and psychology.


Genetically Modify Female Body Genetically Modify Food Feminist Criticism Contemporary Science 
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© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.RomeItaly
  2. 2.RomeItaly

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