Remote Sensing-Based Damage Assessment for Homeland Security

  • Anthony M. Filippi
Part of the The GeoJournal Library book series (GEJL, volume 94)

Abstract

For natural or anthropogenic disasters, rapid assessment is critical for an appropriate and effective emergency response. Remote sensing has served—and will continue to serve—a vital function in disaster damage-assessment activities. This includes disaster-mapping of natural and agricultural ecosystems and human settlements, which may involve assessments of structural damage, contamination, and affected populations. Single- and multi-date (change detection) analyses can be employed, and a need to exploit both spectral and spatial information in order to delineate damage regions from remote sensor imagery is identified. This chapter provides a brief overview of some of the remote-sensing damage-assessment applications that are of utility in the realm of homeland security. Specific attention is given to remote sensing-based detection of vegetation damage and soil contamination, including a discussion of the remote-sensing implications of artificial radionuclide contamination, as well as damage to urbanized areas and other human settlements.

Keywords

Contamination damage assessment disaster human settlements remote sensing 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony M. Filippi
    • 1
  1. 1.Texas A&M UniversityUSA

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