Hydrogen Production from Biomass

  • Mu'taz Al-Alawi
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

Hydrogen is considered as a novel fuel for the twenty first century, mainly due to its environmentally benign character. Production of hydrogen from renewable biomass has several advantages compared to that of fossil fuels. A number of processes are being practiced for efficient and economic conversion and utilization of biomass to hydrogen. This article updates the developments of various hydrogen-production processes from biomass. Several developmental works are discussed, with a brief outline of different technologies employed therein. A comparative study of existing processes is given on the basis of their relative merits and demerits.


Hydrogen energy production biomass 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Antal, M.J. Jr., Feber, R.C., and Tinkle, M.C., 1974, Proceedings 1st World Hydrogen Energy Conference, Miami Beach, FL, pp. 1-20.Google Scholar
  2. Arbon, I.M., 2002, Worldwide use of biomass in power generation and combined heat and power schemes, J. Power Energy (Part A) 216 (1), 41-57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Caglar, A., and Demirbas, A., 2001, Hydrogen-rich gaseous products from tea waste by pyrolysis, Energy Sources 23 (8), 739-746.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fascetti, E., and Todini, O., 1995, Rhodobacter sphaeroides RV cultivation and hydrogen production in a one- and two-stage chemostat, Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 44 (3-4), 300-305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Liu, S.J., Yang, W.F., and Zhou, P.Q., 1995, The research on hydrogen production from the treatment of bean products wastewater by immobilized photosynthetic bacteria, Environ. Sci. 16, 42-44.Google Scholar
  6. Manarungson, S., Mok, W.S., and Antal Jr., M.J., 1990, Advances in hydrogen energy. Hydrogen Energy Progress VIII, IAHE, FL, Vol. 1, pp. 345-355.Google Scholar
  7. Miyake, J., Veziroglu, T.N., and Takashashi, P.K., 1990, Hydrogen Energy Progress VIII. Proceedings 8th WHEC, Hawaii, Pergamon Press, New York, pp. 755-764.Google Scholar
  8. Modell, M., 1985, Gasification and liquefaction of forest products in supercritical water. Fundamentals of Thermochemical Biomass Conversion, Elsevier Applied Science, Amsterdam, 95-119.Google Scholar
  9. Venkataraman, C., and Vatsala, T.M., 1990, Hydrogen production from whey by phototropic bacteria, in Veziroglu, T.N., and Takahashi, P.K. (eds.), Hydrogen Energy Progress VIII, Vol. 2, Pergamon Press, New York, pp. 781-788.Google Scholar
  10. Vrati, S., and Verma, J., 1983, Production of molecular hydrogen and single cell protein by Rhodopseudomonas capsulata from cow dung. J. Ferment. Technol. 61, 157-162.Google Scholar
  11. Walcher, G., Girges, S., and Weingartner, S., 1996, Hydrogen Energy Progress XI, Pro-ceedings of the 11th World Hydrogen Conference, Stuttgart, Vol. 1, pp. 413-418.Google Scholar
  12. Wallman, P.H., Thorsness, C.B., and Winter, J.D., 1998, Hydrogen production from wastes, Energy, 23 (4), 271-278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Wang, D., Czernik, S., and Chornet, E., 1998, Production of hydrogen from biomass by catalytic steam reforming of fast pyrolysis oils: Special section on hydrogen as a fuel, Energy Fuels, 12 (1), 19-24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mu'taz Al-Alawi
    • 1
  1. 1.Mu'tah UniversityJordan

Personalised recommendations