Laws of Motion of Pedestrian Flow—Basics for Evacuation Modeling and Management

Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)


Despite numerous measures stipulated in modern buildings for people’s protection in emergency situations, evacuation remains the process necessary for provision of safety. During evacuation, people organize flows and without knowing the principles of movement of such flow, it is impossible either to modulate this process, or to regulate the necessary sizes of evacuation routes and exits, or to estimate the risk of people’s life and health damage in various protection systems. However, systematic studying principles of people’s movement in flows began only in the second third of the last century. Therefore, we are practically witnessing these researches to come over traditional stages of scientific knowledge development: from empirics to formation of first generalizations and theoretical construction, and through them to theory. Today, it is necessary to summarize or, at least, present a brief study of such collective research and to disseminate their results for a wide use in order to increase the level of people’s safety.


evacuation pedestrian flows modeling parameters of pedestrian flow building design 


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© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Moscow University of Civil EngineeringMoscowRussia
  2. 2.EMERCOMAcademy of State Fire Service of RussiaMoscowRussia

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