Restrictionism: A Medieval Approach Revisited

  • Claude Panaccio
Part of the Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science book series (LEUS, volume 8)

Restrictionism is the doctrine that self-reference is to be banned somehow, at least in some sort of cases. As a solution to the Liar paradox, restrictionism has been popular in the thirteenth and early fourteenth century, and then rapidly lost ground to rival theories such as Bradwar-dine's. The aim of this paper is twofold: (1) to explain what medieval restrictionism amounted to as a matter of historical fact and why it came to be abandoned; (2) to provide a modern reformulation of the approach that still seems promising as a solution to the Liar and related paradoxes.


Adhocness Restriction (restrictio) Restrictionism Supposition (suppo-sitio) Ungroundedness 


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© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claude Panaccio
    • 1
  1. 1.Claude Panaccio University of Quebec at MontrealMontrealCanada

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