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The Regression of Sturgeons in Southern Europe

  • J. A. Hernando
  • A. Domezain
  • C. Zabala
  • R. Cabrera
  • J. Domezain
  • M. C. Soriguer
Part of the Fish & Fisheries Series book series (FIFI, volume 29)

Abstract

Analysing historical citations and the specimens preserved in museums, as well as zoological collections in France, Portugal, Spain, and Italy, the historical and current distributions of sturgeons in southern Europe have been studied, using morphological and genetic techniques. Errors were found in the classification of specimens of non-Adriatic origin, and 13 specimens were found to be classified as Acipenser sturio when they were in fact Acipenser naccarii. Of the 86 specimens considered valid, 44 had been captured in the Adriatic and 42 from other parts of the study area (Spain, France, Mediterranean Italy, Portugal, and Sweden). A. sturio is considered to have been present throughout Europe and currently is an endangered population in the Gironde-Garonne-Dordogne basin (France), while A. naccarii is considered endemic to the Adriatic. However, the data gathered show that it had a much broader distribution than the current one, extending at least from the French Atlantic to the Adriatic Sea.

Keywords

Acipenser naccarii sturgeon autochthonous taxonomy biogeography species in decline 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Hernando
    • 1
  • A. Domezain
    • 2
  • C. Zabala
    • 1
  • R. Cabrera
    • 1
  • J. Domezain
    • 2
  • M. C. Soriguer
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar y AmbientalesUniversidad de CádizPuerto Real, CádizSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de I + DPiscifactoría de Sierra Nevada S.1.Riofrío, GranadaSpain

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