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Euphausiids

  • Iván Castellanos
  • Eduardo Suárez-Morales
  • Álvaro Álvaro Morales-Ramírez
Part of the Monographiae Biologicae book series (MOBI, volume 86)

Knowledge of the basic aspects of the euphausiid ecology and taxonomy is quite limited on both the Pacific and the Atlantic coasts of Costa Rica. Overall, this group of pelagic crustaceans is poorly known in this tropical region. Currently, up to 20 species of euphausiids have been reported from the Pacific waters of Costa Rica, whereas 14 have been reported from the Costa Rican Caribbean Sea. According to our data, these figures represent 69% and 48% of the total number of species of euphausiids reported from the Eastern Tropical Pacific and the Caribbean Basin, respectively. Most of the zooplankton samples currently available in Costa Rica have been collected in coastal and lagoon systems; this, together with a lack of local specialists are the main reasons why there have been so few reports of these primarily oceanic forms. Most of the reports accounted for herein were generated from the analysis of a few sampling sites in Costa Rican waters. Most of the species reported from Costa Rica are epipelagic forms (18), some of them reach the mes-opelagic layers, and only two species are bathypelagic (Thysanopoda cornuta and T. egregia). The well-known virtue of species of Euphausiacea as oceanographic indicators makes the taxonomic and ecologic study of this group a particularly interesting issue that would allow better knowledge of the zooplankton dynamics in oceanic waters of Costa Rica.

Keywords

Zooplankton Sample Pacific Water California Current Panama Canal Caribbean Basin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iván Castellanos
    • 1
  • Eduardo Suárez-Morales
    • 1
  • Álvaro Álvaro Morales-Ramírez
    • 2
  1. 1.El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR) Unidad ChetumalChetumalMéxico
  2. 2.CIMAR and Escuela de BiologíaUniversidad de Costa RicaSan JoséCosta Rica

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