• Iván Castellanos
  • Eduardo Suárez-Morales
  • Álvaro Álvaro Morales-Ramírez
Part of the Monographiae Biologicae book series (MOBI, volume 86)

Knowledge of the basic aspects of the euphausiid ecology and taxonomy is quite limited on both the Pacific and the Atlantic coasts of Costa Rica. Overall, this group of pelagic crustaceans is poorly known in this tropical region. Currently, up to 20 species of euphausiids have been reported from the Pacific waters of Costa Rica, whereas 14 have been reported from the Costa Rican Caribbean Sea. According to our data, these figures represent 69% and 48% of the total number of species of euphausiids reported from the Eastern Tropical Pacific and the Caribbean Basin, respectively. Most of the zooplankton samples currently available in Costa Rica have been collected in coastal and lagoon systems; this, together with a lack of local specialists are the main reasons why there have been so few reports of these primarily oceanic forms. Most of the reports accounted for herein were generated from the analysis of a few sampling sites in Costa Rican waters. Most of the species reported from Costa Rica are epipelagic forms (18), some of them reach the mes-opelagic layers, and only two species are bathypelagic (Thysanopoda cornuta and T. egregia). The well-known virtue of species of Euphausiacea as oceanographic indicators makes the taxonomic and ecologic study of this group a particularly interesting issue that would allow better knowledge of the zooplankton dynamics in oceanic waters of Costa Rica.


Zooplankton Sample Pacific Water California Current Panama Canal Caribbean Basin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Antezana T (1970) Eufáusidos de la costa de Chile, su rol en la economía del mar. Rev Biol Mar 14:19–27Google Scholar
  2. Antezana T, Brinton E (1981) Euphausiacea. In: Boltovskoy D (ed) Atlas del zooplancton sudoc-cidental y métodos de trabajo con el zooplancton marino. Pub. Esp. INIDEP, Mar del Plata, Argentina, pp 681–698Google Scholar
  3. Baker A de C, Boden B, Brinton E (1990) A practical guide to the euphausiids of the world. British Museum, Natutral History Publications, London, 96 pGoogle Scholar
  4. Biggs DC, Zimmerman RA, Gasca R, Suárez-Morales E, Castellanos I, Leben RR (1997) Note on plankton and cold-core rings in the Gulf of Mexico. Fish Bull 95:369–375Google Scholar
  5. Boden BP, Johnson MW, Brinton E (1955) The Euphausiacea (Crustacea) of the North Pacific. Bull Scripps Inst Oceanogr Univ Calif 6:287–400Google Scholar
  6. 1.
    Brinton E (1962) The distribution of Pacific euphausiids. Bull Scripps Inst Oceanogr 8:51–270Google Scholar
  7. Brinton E (1975) Euphausiids of Southeast Asian water. Naga Rep Scripps Inst Oceanogr Univ Calif 4:1–287Google Scholar
  8. 2.
    Brinton E (1979) Parameters relating to the distribution of planktonic organisms, especially euphausiids in the eastern tropical Pacific. Prog Oceanogr 8:125–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Brinton E (1987) A new abyssal euphausiid, Thysanopoda minyops, with comparisons of the eye size, photophores, and associated structures among deep-living species. J Crust Biol 7:636–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Brinton E (1996) Euphausiacea. Cap. IX. In: Gasca R, Suárez E (eds) Introducción al estudio del zooplancton marino. ECOSUR/CONACyT, México, pp 297–342Google Scholar
  11. Brinton E, Townsend AW (1980) Euphausiids in the Gulf of California, the 1957 cruises. CalCOFI Rep. XXI: 211–235Google Scholar
  12. Castellanos I (1998a) Distribución y abundancia de los eufáusidos del estrato superficial del Mar Caribe mexicano. Carib Mar Stud 6:1–11Google Scholar
  13. Castellanos I (1998b) Eufáusidos. Tomo III. In: Xacur-Maiza JA (ed) Enciclopedia de Quintana Roo. Chetumal, Q. Roo, Juan A. Xacur-Maiza, México, pp 239–252Google Scholar
  14. Castellanos I, Gasca R (1999) Epipelagic euphausiids (Euphausiacea) and spring mesoscale features in the Gulf of Mexico. Crustaceana 79:391–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. astellanos I, Gasca R (2002) Eufáusidos (Crustacea: Malacostraca) del centro y sur de Mar Caribe mexicano. Rev Biol Trop 50:77–85Google Scholar
  16. Castellanos I, Suárez-Morales E (2002) Euphausiacea. Cap. 19. In: Lorente-Bousquets J, Morrone JJ (eds) Biodiversidad, taxonomía y biogeografía de artrópodos de México: hacia una síntesis de su conocimiento. Vol. III. CONABIO/ECOSUR/Bayer/UNAM, México, pp 401–414Google Scholar
  17. Färber-Lorda J, Lavin MF, Zapatero MA, Robles JM (1994) Distribution and abundance of euphausiids in the Gulf of Tehuantepec during wind forcing. Deep-Sea Res I 41:359–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gasca R, Castellanos I, Biggs D (2001) Euphausiids (Crustacea, Euphausiacea) and summer mes-oscale features in the Gulf of Mexico. Bull Mar Sci 68:397–408Google Scholar
  19. Gendron D (1992) Population structure of daytime surface swarms of Nyctiphanes simplex (Crustacea: Euphausiacea) in the Gulf of California, Mexico. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 87:1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gómez-Gutiérrez J (1995) Distribution patterns, abundance and population dynamics of the euphausiids Nyctiphanes simplex and Euphausia eximia off the west coast of Baja California,Mexico. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 119:63–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Gómez-Gutiérrez J (1996) Ecology of early larval development of Nyctiphanes simplex Hansen (Euphausiacea) off the southwest coast of Baja California, Mexico. Bull Mar Sci 58:131–146Google Scholar
  22. Gómez-Gutiérrez J, Robinson CJ (1997) Circadian biomass and abundance changes of five euphausiid species along the west coast of Baja California Mexico, December 1993. Sci Mar 61:27–35Google Scholar
  23. Gómez-Gutiérrez J, Palomares-García R, Gendron D (1995) Community structure of the euphausiid populations along the west coast of Baja California, Mexico, during the weak ENSO 1986–1987. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 120:41–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. James BM (1970) Euphausiacean Crustacea. In: Pequegnat WE, Chace FA Jr. (eds) Contributions on the Biology of the Gulf of Mexico. Texas A&M Univ. Oceanogr. Studies 1, pp 205–229Google Scholar
  25. James BM (1971) Gulf of Mexico deep sea fauna: Decapoda and Euphausiacea. Folio 20. In:Pequegna, WE, Pequegnat LH, Firth RW, James BM, Terrell R (eds) Serial Atlas of the Marine Environment. American Geographic Society, New York, 24 pGoogle Scholar
  26. Jiménez AM. y E. Suárez-Morales (1998) Eufáusidos (Crustacea) del estrato superficial frente a Michoacán, México, durante dos periodos estacionales. Univ Cienc 14:7–16Google Scholar
  27. Lavaniegos BE (1994) Dispersion and development patterns in larvae of Nyctiphanes simplex (Euphausiacea) in the upwelling region off Baja California. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 106:207–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lavaniegos-Espejo BE, Lara-Lara JR, Brinton E (1989) Effects of the 1982–83 El Niño event on the euphausiid populations of the Gulf of California. CalCOFI Rep 30:73–87Google Scholar
  29. Legaré JEH (1961) Algunos eufausiáceos del golfo de Paria, golfo de Cariaco y delta del Orinoco,al oriente de Venezuela. Bol Inst Ocean Univ Oriente 1:131–148Google Scholar
  30. Lewis JB, Fish AG (1969) Seasonal variation of the zooplankton fauna on surface waters entering the Caribbean Sea at Barbados. Carib J Sci 9:1–23Google Scholar
  31. Longhurst AL (1985) Relationship between diversity and the vertical structure of the upper ocean. Deep-Sea Res 32:1535–1570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. López-Cortés DJ (1981) Algunos aspectos de la distribución y taxonomía de los eufáusidos del Golfo de Tehuantepec, Máxico. In: VII Simp. Latinoamer. Oceanog. Biol. Acapulco, Guerrero, México, Noviembre, pp 277–297Google Scholar
  33. López-Cortés DJ (1990) Distribución de la Familia Euphausidae (Euphausiacea: Crustacea) en el Golfo de Tehuantepec, México. Rev Biol Trop 38:21–28Google Scholar
  34. Mathew KJ (1980) Taxonomic status of Stylocheiron armatum Colosi, 1917 (Crustacea: Euphausiacea) — a critical evaluation. J Mar Biol Assoc India 22:50–56Google Scholar
  35. 3.
    Mauchline J (1980) The biology of euphausiids. Adv Mar Biol 18:73–623Google Scholar
  36. Mauchline J (1984) Euphausiid, stomatopod and leptostracan crustaceans. No. 30. In: Kermack DM, Barnes RSK (eds) Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series). London, pp 4–53Google Scholar
  37. Mauchline J, Fisher LR (1969) The biology of euphausiids. Adv Mar Biol 7:1–454CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 4.
    Michel HB, Foyo M (1976) Caribbean zooplankton. Part 1. Siphonophora, Heteropoda, Copepoda, Euphausiacea, Chaetognatha and Salpidae. Office of Naval Research, Department of Navy, USA, 549 pGoogle Scholar
  39. Owre HB, Foyo M (1972) Studies on Caribbean zooplankton. Description of the program and results of the first cruise. Bull Mar Sci 22:483–521Google Scholar
  40. 5.
    Reid JL, Brinton E, Fleminger A, Venrick E, McGowan J (1978) Ocean circulation and marine life. In: Charnock H, Deacon Sir G (eds) Advances in Oceanography. Plenum, New York, pp 65–130Google Scholar
  41. 6.
    Sameoto D, Guglielmo L, Lewis MK (1987) Day/night vertical distribution of euphausiids in the western tropical Pacific. Mar Biol 96:235–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Sánchez-Maravilla EE (1986) Distribución y abundancia de las larvas de crustáceos en la región del Domo de Costa Rica. Tesis de Licenciatura, Fac. Ciencias, UNAM, 99 pGoogle Scholar
  43. Sánchez-Osuna L, Hendrickx ME (1984) Resultados de las campañas SIPCO (Sur de Sinaloa, México) a bordo del B/O “El Puma”. Abundancia y distribución de los Euphausiacea (Crustacea: Eucarida). An Inst Cienc Mar Limnol UNAM 11:99–106Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iván Castellanos
    • 1
  • Eduardo Suárez-Morales
    • 1
  • Álvaro Álvaro Morales-Ramírez
    • 2
  1. 1.El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR) Unidad ChetumalChetumalMéxico
  2. 2.CIMAR and Escuela de BiologíaUniversidad de Costa RicaSan JoséCosta Rica

Personalised recommendations