Air–sea interaction is one of the important processes that affect both atmospheric and oceanic variability. The atmosphere may affect SST and upper temperature stratification through changing ocean surface heat fluxes. The ocean may affect the atmospheric convection and associated thermodynamic distributions through changing the boundary layer stability. In this chapter, the brief history of coupled modeling studies of air–sea interaction processes is reviewed. The 2D coupled ocean-cloudresolving atmosphere model and its applications to study effects of small-scale fluctuations associated with atmospheric convection and precipitation on spatial distribution of ocean mixed-layer temperature and salinity and role of air–sea coupling in the surface rainfall process are discussed in this chapter based on Li et al. (2000) and Gao et al. (2006).


Mixed Layer Surface Evaporation Surface Rainfall Surface Rain Rate Thermal Advection 
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