The Potential of Sustainable Forestry Certification for Smallholder Tree Growing

  • H. A. Udo de Haes
  • D. J. Snelder
  • G. R. de Snoo
Part of the Advances in Agroforestry book series (ADAG, volume 5)

Abstract

This chapter’s aim is to investigate the potential of sustainable forestry certification for smallholder tree growing. Certification can be important for different stakeholders in the value chain of timber and timber products. By certification, consumers can choose on the basis of more sustainable behavior. For the manufacturing industry, certification can help to improve its image, and in the long run assure its resource input. For the producers of the timber resources, certification can help in achieving market access and can be the basis for long-term sales agreements. There are a number of certification systems for sustainable forestry, some of them operating on a global level, like particularly the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and the Programme for Endorsement of Forest Certification schemes (PEFC). However, certification in developing countries lags behind: in 2006 these countries only comprised two percent of the certified forests. A recent FSC program was aimed at timber production by Smallholders and Low Intensity Forests (FSC-SLIMF). This may alleviate the barriers faced by producers in developing countries, for both individual and community forestry. Before starting a process of certification, the costs and benefits along the chain need to be carefully examined, including market perspectives. In general, certification is only useful to an international market, which with others sets requirements on the choice of tree species and timber quality. As a case study, special attention is paid to the potentials of certification of forestry plantations in the Philippines.

Keywords

Developing countries environmental certification SLIMF sustainable forestry certification tree plantation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. A. Udo de Haes
    • 1
  • D. J. Snelder
    • 1
  • G. R. de Snoo
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental SciencesLeiden UniversityRA, LeidenThe Netherlands

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