地下水面临的挑战

  • G. M. Zuppi

摘要

地下水是世界上开采最多的自然资源。人类的日常用水, 如饮用、做饭和卫生用水, 一半以上都来自地下水; 农业灌溉和工业用水的 30%也来自地下水。鉴于全球对这种有限而宝贵的资源的巨大依赖性, 我们有理由认为, 地下水问题将会引起全世界的极大关注。虽然人类对地下水的依赖性在增加, 来自科学和管理方面的关注也在上升, 但是与地表水相比, 还一直都处于次要的地位, 在立法机构和决策者的眼中更是如此。为了满足饮用水、农业和工业用水以及维护“绿色”水库—高地森林和湿地的需求, 人类对地下水的依赖性与日俱增。由于在确定地下水径流方面存在不确定性, 加之地下水与地表水之间的水文关系也存在不确定性, 随着人类对地下水资源依赖性的增加, 由地下水数量和质量引起的冲突也必然会加剧。

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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. M. Zuppi
    • 1
  1. 1.Ca’ Foscari 大学环境科学系威尼斯意大利

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