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医院废物管理

来自意大利大中型国立医院的经验
  • I. Pavan
  • E. Herrero Hernández
  • E. Pira

摘要

本文将重点介绍意大利北部公立医院在废物管理方面的实践经验。我们机构的主要职责是创伤救治, 同时提供多种专科手术和医疗服务, 还配备了实验室和教学培训设施。因为功能多样性, 导致这些医疗机构产生了大量不同种类的垃圾。本文根据意大利和欧洲法律法规, 着重讨论对垃圾进行分类、计划、储存、处理和管理的策略。最后一项内容是教育培训, 比如对员工进行垃圾处理的培训计划, 通过废物减量化和成本/效益分析对预防策略涉及的经济问题进行探讨。

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Reference

  1. Decreto Legislativo 5/02/1997 n° 22, Suppl. Ord. N.33 G.U.R.I. 15/02/1997, No.38.Google Scholar
  2. Decreto Legislativo 19/09/1994, n. 626, Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 265 del 12/11/94 — Supplemento ordinario No. 141.Google Scholar
  3. European Directives 91/156 CEE; 91/689/CEE; 94/62/CEE, available online at EUR-Lex, The portal to European Union law website: http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/en/index.html
  4. Indagine sulla produzione dei rifiuti sanitari in Regione Piemonte (2003). Available online: http://extranet.regione.piemonte.it/ambiente/rifiuti/dwd/approfondim/sanitari/indagine_03.pdf
  5. Legge 15 dicembre 2004, Gazzetta Ufficiale n.32, 27/12/2004.Google Scholar
  6. Reusable totes, blue wrap recycling and composting. (2002) Environmental Best Practices for Health Care Facilities. EPA publication, available online at: http://www.ciwmb.ca.gov/WPIE/HealthCare/EPATote.pdf
  7. Waste reduction activities for hospitals. California Integrated Waste Management Board. http://www.ciwmb.ca.gov/BIZWASTE/factsheets/hospital.htm

Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Pavan
    • 1
  • E. Herrero Hernández
    • 1
  • E. Pira
    • 1
  1. 1.创伤、整形与职业保健部都灵大学威尼斯意大利

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