Transport Policy and Climate Change

  • Jack Short
  • Kurt Van Dender
  • Philippe Crist

Actions to combat climate change are now at unprecedented levels. With transportation, however, the gap between political aspirations and trends is widening. Achieving greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions presents a major challenge for the transport sector, different in nature and degree from other challenges like reducing accident rates or emissions of traditional pollutants.

This chapter documents the current and expected future importance of transport as a source of GHG emissions. It then examines present policy measures, with a particular emphasis on the approach to carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from private cars in Europe, followed by a discussion of the implications of tough CO2 targets for the nature of transport policy and for the structure of the transport sector as such.

The Importance and Role of Transport

As shown in Fig. 3.1, the transport sector accounts for 23 percent of the world’s GHG emissions and about 30 percent of the emissions in the developed countries belonging to...


European Union Fuel Economy Fuel Efficiency Transport Sector International Energy Agency 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jack Short
    • 1
  • Kurt Van Dender
  • Philippe Crist
  1. 1.International Transport Forum, OECDFrance

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