Reuse Of Urban Water: Impact Of Product Choice

  • Geraldine Knops
  • Marc Pidou
  • Wilfred Kadewa
  • Ana Soares
  • Paul Jeffrey
  • Bruce Jefferson
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series book series (NAPSC)

The toxicity of individual products has been measured in relation to a marine luminescent bacteria and a biological community within a grey water treatment technology. The results demonstrate that brand labeling provides no evidence about the relative toxicity of a product including those labeled as environmentally friendly. Overall, the only products seen to be a potential risk to reuse treatment technology is bleach and car oil with secondary risks associated with washing powder and vegetable oil.

Keywords

grey water toxicity reuse 

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geraldine Knops
    • 1
  • Marc Pidou
    • 1
  • Wilfred Kadewa
    • 1
  • Ana Soares
    • 1
  • Paul Jeffrey
    • 1
  • Bruce Jefferson
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Water ScienceCranfield UniversityUK

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