Evaluation of Exotic Parasitoids and Predators in Field Cages in California
Field-cage evaluations of parasitoids in the genera Eretmocerus and Encarsia from 13 different countries were conducted from 1995 to 1997 to identify effective new species or geographic populations of natural enemies of Bemisia tabaci on key host crops of whiteflies in desert valleys in the southwestern USA. Top performing species and selected populations of Eretmocerus were then compared on cantaloupe, a key crop for spring whitefly increase, and on citrus, an overwintering host. The best-performing species included Eret. emiratus and/or Eret. sp. near emiratus from the United Arab Emirates and Ethiopia, several populations of Eret. mundus, and a population of Enc. sophia from Pakistan. These species originated in regions with climates very similar to the Imperial Valley, California.
KeywordsNatural Enemy Dominican Republic Geographic Population Female Parasitoid Progeny Production
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