Partitioning and Exchange of Organochlorine Contaminants between Abiotic Compartments in Antarctica

  • Vladimir Bogillo
  • Mariya Bazylevska
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series book series (NAPSC)

The partition coefficients for OCs at typical temperatures in Antarctica and Southern Ocean are calculated and they are used to estimate the partitioning of the OCs between atmospheric particulates and gas phase, scavenging the OCs from gas phase by snow, atmospheric persistence of the OCs, the direction and strength of air/seawater, air/snow, air/soil, and seawater/sediment fluxes for the OCs in Antarctica. The air/soil and seawater/sediment fluxes of OCs are agreed with “cold condensation” hypothesis. The deep water formation in Weddell and Ross Seas, the shelf sediments and the Antarctic snowpack would be important sinks for the OCs.

Keywords

Antarctica Southern ocean persistent organic pollutants “cold condensation,” “cold fractionation,” air/seawater air/snow air/soil and seawater/sediment exchange atmospheric persistence of organochlorine contaminants global warming POPs fate 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir Bogillo
    • 1
  • Mariya Bazylevska
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Antarctic Geology and GeoecologyInstitute of Geological Sciences, National Academy of Sciences of UkraineKievUkraine

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