Contributions of Rhizosphere Interactions to Soil Biological Fertility

  • Petra Marschner
  • Zdenko Rengel


Root Exudate Rock Phosphate Plant Nutrition Rhizosphere Microorganism Rhizopus Arrhizus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Arshad M and Frankenberger W T 1993 Microbial production of plant growth regulators. In: Soil Microbial Ecology: Applications in Agricultural and Environmental Management. F B Metting (ed.) pp. 307-348. Marcel Dekker Inc. New York, USAGoogle Scholar
  2. Aulakh M S, Wassmann R, Bueno C, Kreuzwieser J and Rennenberg H 2001 Characterization of root exudates at different growth stages of ten rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars. Plant Biology 3: 139-148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Banik S and Dey B K 1983 Alluvial soil microorganisms capable of utilizing insoluble aluminium phosphate as a sole source of phosphorus. Zentralblatt fur Mikrobiologie. 138: 437-442.Google Scholar
  4. Bar-Ness E, Hadar Y, Chen Y, Römheld V and Marschner H 1992 Short-term effects of rhizosphere microorganisms on Fe uptake from microbial siderophores by maize and oat. Plant Physiology 100: 451-456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Belimov A A, Kojemiakov A P and Chuvarliyeva C V 1995 Interaction between barley and mixed cultures of nitrogen fixing and phosphate-solubilizing bacteria. Plant and Soil 173: 29-37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bowen G D and Rovira A D 1992 The rhizosphere: the hidden half of the hidden half. In: Roots: The hidden half. Y Waisel, A Eshel and U Kafkafi (eds.) pp. 641-669. Marcel Dekker Inc. New York, USA.Google Scholar
  7. Brown M E, Hornby D and Pearson V 1973 Microbial populations and nitrogen in soil growing consecutive cereal crops infected with take-all. Journal of Soil Science 24: 296-310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Caradus J R 1995 Genetic control of phosphorus uptake and phosphorus status in plants. In: Genetic Manipulation of Crop Plants to Enhance Integrated Nutrient Management in Cropping Systems. I. Phosphorus. Proceedings of an FAO/ICRISAT Expert Consultancy Workshop, 15-18 March 1994. C Johansen, K K Lee, K K Sharma, G VSubbarao and E A Kueneman (eds.) pp. 55-74. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. Patancheru Andhra Pradesh, India.Google Scholar
  9. Chin-A-Woeng T F C, Bloemberg G V, Mulders I H M, Dekkers L C and Lugtenberg B J J 2000 Root colonization by phenazine-1-carboxamide-producing bacterium Pseudomonas chlororaphis PCL1391 is essential for biocontrol of tomato foot and root rot. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 13: 1340-1345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Crowley D E and Gries D 1994 Modelling of iron availability in the plant rhizosphere. In: Biochemistry of Metal Micronutrients in the Rhizosphere. J A Manthey, D E Crowley and D G Luster (eds.) pp. 199-224. Lewis Publishers. Boca Raton, USA.Google Scholar
  11. Crowley D E, Römheld V, Marschner H and Szaniszlo P J 1992 Root-microbial effects on plant iron uptake from siderophores and phytosiderophores. Plant and Soil 142: 1-7.Google Scholar
  12. Crowley D E and Rengel Z 1999 Biology and chemistry of rhizosphere influencing nutrient availability. In: Mineral Nutrition of Crops: Fundamental mechanisms and implications. Z Rengel (ed.) pp. 1-40. The Haworth Press. New York, USA.Google Scholar
  13. Curl E A and Truelove B 1986 The rhizosphere. Springer Verlag. New York.Google Scholar
  14. de Freitas J R, Banerjee M R and Germida J J 1997 Phosphate-solubilizing rhizobacteria enhance the growth and yield but not phosphorus uptake of canola (Brassica napus L.). Biology and Fertility of Soils 24: 358-364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. de Weger L A, Van der Bij A J, Dekkers L C, Simons M, Wijffelman C A and Lugtenberg B J J 1995 Colonisation of the rhizosphere of crop plants by plant benficial pseudomonads. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 17: 221-228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Delhaize E 1995 Genetic control and manipulation of root exudates. In: Genetic Manipulation of Crop Plants to Enhance Integrated Nutrient Management in Cropping Systems. I. Phosphorus. Proceedings of an FAO/ICRISAT Expert Consultancy Workshop, 15-18 March 1994. C Johansen, K K Lee, K K Sharma, G V Subbarao and E A Kueneman (eds.) pp. 145-152. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India.Google Scholar
  17. Dinkelaker B and Marschner H 1992 In vivo demonstration of acid phosphatase activity in the rhizosphere of soil-grown plants. Plant and Soil 144: 199-205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Duncan R R and Baligar V C 1990 Genetics, breeding, and physiological mechanisms of nutrient uptake and use efficiency: an overview. In: Crops as Enhancers of Nutrient Use. V C Baligar and R R Duncan (eds.) pp. 3-36. Academic Press. San Diego, California, USAGoogle Scholar
  19. Föhse D and Jungk A 1983 Influence of phosphate and nitrate supply on root hair formation of rape, spinach and tomato plants. Plant and Soil 74: 359-368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Foster R C 1986 The ultrastructure of the rhizoplane and rhizosphere. Annual Review of Phytopathology 24: 211-234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Gerke J, Beissner L and Römer W 2000 The quantitative effect of chemical phosphate mobilisation by carboxylate anions on P uptake by a single root. I. The basic concept and determination of soil parameters. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 163: 201-212.Google Scholar
  22. Gerke J 1994 Kinetics of soil phosphate desorption as affected by citric acid. Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenernahrung und Bodenkunde 157: 17-22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gerretsen F C 1946 The influence of microorganisms on the phosphate intake by the plant. Plant and Soil 1: 51-81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ghiorse W C 1988 The biology of manganese transforming microorganisms in soils. In Manganese in Soils and Plants. R D Graham, R J Hannam and N C Uren (eds.) pp. 75-85. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Dordrecht, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  25. Grayston S J, Wang S, Campbell C D and Edwards A C 1998 Selective influence of plant species on microbial diversity in the rhizosphere. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 30: 369-378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Haller T and Stolp H 1985 Quantitative estimation of root exudation of maize plants. Plant and Soil 86: 201-216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hamdan H, Weller D M and Thomashow L S 1991 Relative importance of fluorescent siderophores and other factors in biological control of Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici by Pseudomonas flourescens 2-79 and M4-80R. Applied Environmental Microbiology 57: 3270-3277.Google Scholar
  28. Hendriks L, Claassen N and Jungk A 1981 Phosphatverarmung des wurzelnahen Bodens und P-Aufnahme von Mais und Raps. Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenernahrung und Bodenkunde 144: 486-499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hoffland E, Findenegg G R and Nelemans J A 1989 Solubilization of rock phosphate by rape. II. Local root exudation of organic acids as a response to P starvation. Plant and Soil 113, 161-165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Höflich G, Glante F, Liste H H, Weise I, Ruppel S and Scholz-Seidel C 1992 Phytoeffective combination effects of symbiotic and associative microorganisms on legumes. Symbiosis 14: 427-438.Google Scholar
  31. Höfte M, Seong K Y, Jurkevitch E and Verstraete W 1991 Pyoverdin production by the plant growth-benficial Pseudomonas strain 7NSK2: ecological significance in soil. In Iron Nutrition and Interactions in Plants. Y Chen and Y Hadar (eds.) pp. 289- 297. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Dordrecht, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  32. Howie W J and Echandi E 1983 Rhizobacteria: Influence of cultivar and soil type in plant growth and yield of potato. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 15: 127-132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Jiang H-Y and Sato K 1992 Fluctuations in bacterial populations on the root surface of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown under different soil conditions. Biology and Fertility of Soils 14: 246-252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Jiang H-Y and Sato K 1994 Interrelationships between bacterial populations on the root surface of wheat and growth of plant. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 40: 683-689.Google Scholar
  35. Jones D L and Darrah P R 1994 Amino acid influx at the soil-root interface of Zea mays L. and its implications in the rhizosphere. Plant and Soil 163: 1-12.Google Scholar
  36. Jones D L and Edwards A C 1998 Influence of sorption on the biological utilisation of two simple carbon substrates. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 30: 1895-1902.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Jones D L 1999 Amino acid biodegradation and its potential effects on organic nitrogen capture by plants. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 31: 613-622.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Jurkevitch E, Hadar Y and Chen Y 1988 Involvement of bacterial siderophores in the remedy of lime-induced chlorosis in peanut. Soil Science Society of America Journal 52: 1032-1037.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Jurkevitch E, Hadar Y, Chen Y, Chino M and Mori S 1993 Indirect utilisation of the phytosiderophore mugineic acid as an iron source to rhizosphere fluorescent Pseudomonas. Biometals 6: 119-123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Kloepper J W and Schroth M N 1981 Relationship of in vitro antibiosis of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria to plant growth and displacement of root microflora. Phytopathology 71: 1020-1024.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Kamal K, Hagagg L, Awad L 2000 Improved Fe and Zn acquisition by guava seedlings grown in calcareous soils intercropped with graminaceous species. Journal of Plant Nutrition 23: 2071-2080.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Kumar V and Narula N 1999 Solubilization of inorganic phosphates and growth emergence of wheat as affected by Azotobacter chroococcum mutants. Biology and Fertility of Soils 28: 301-305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Kundu B S and Gaur A C 1980 Effect of phosphobacteria on the yield and phosphate uptake of potato crop. Current Science 49: 159.Google Scholar
  44. Lemanceau P, Corberand T, Gardan L, Latour X, Laguerre G, Boeufgras J M and Alabouvette C 1995 Effect of two plant species, flax (Linum usitatissimum L) and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill), on the diversity of soilborne populations of fluorescent pseudomonads. Applied Environmental Microbiology 61: 1004-1012.Google Scholar
  45. Leong J 1986 Siderophores: their biochemistry and possible role in the biocontrol of plant pathogens. Annual Review of Phytopathology 2: 187-209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Li M, Osaki M, Rao I M and Tadano T 1997-a Secretion of phytase from the roots of several plant species under phosphorus-deficient conditions. Plant and Soil 195: 161-169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Li M, Shinano T and Tadano T 1997-b Distribution of exudates of lupin roots in the rhizosphere under phosphorus deficient conditions. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 43: 237-245.Google Scholar
  48. Lynch J M and Whipps J M 1990 Substrate flow in the rhizosphere. Plant and Soil 129: 1-10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Marilley L and Aragno M 1999 Phytogenetic diversity of bacterial communities differing in degree of proximity of Lolium perenne and Trifolium repens roots. Applied Soil Ecology 13: 127-136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Marschner H 1995 Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. Academic Press. London, UK.Google Scholar
  51. Marschner P and Crowley D E 1998 Phytosiderophore decrease iron stress and pyoverdine production of Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5 (pvd-inaZ). Soil Biology and Biochemistry 30: 1275-1280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Marschner P, Yang C H, Lieberei R and Crowley D E 2001 Soil and plant specific effects on bacterial community composition in the rhizosphere. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 33: 1437-1445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Martin J K 1971 Influence of plant species and plant age on the rhizosphere microflora. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 24: 1143-1150.Google Scholar
  54. Meharg A A and Kilham K 1995 Loss of exudates from the roots of perennial ryegrass inoculated with a range of microorganisms. Plant and Soil 170: 345-349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Merbach W and Ruppel S 1992 Influence of microbial colonization on 14CO2 assimilation and amounts of root-borne 14C compounds in soil. Photosynthesis 26: 551-554.Google Scholar
  56. Merbach W, Mirus E, Knof G, Remus R, Ruppel S, Russow R, Gransee A and Schulze J 1999 Release of carbon and nitrogen compounds by plant roots and their possible ecological importance. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 162: 373-383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Mori S 1994 Mechanisms of iron acquisition by graminaceous (strategy II) plants. In: Biochemistry of Metal Micronutrients in the Rhizosphere. J A Manthey, D E Crowley and D G Luster (eds.) pp. 225-249. Lewis Publishers. Boca Raton, USA.Google Scholar
  58. Neilands J B 1984 Siderophores of bacteria and fungi. Microbiological Science 1: 9-14.Google Scholar
  59. Neumann G, Massoneau A, Martinoida E and Römheld V 1999 Physiological adaptions to phosphorus deficiency during proteoid root development in white lupin. Planta 208: 373-382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Petersen D J, Srinivasan M and Chanway C P 1996 Bacillus polymyxa stimulates increased Rhizobium etli populations and nodulation when co-resident in the rhizosphere of Phaseolus vulgaris. FEMS Microbiology Letters 142: 271-276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Raaijmakers J M, Van der Sluis I, Bakker P A H M, Weisbeek P J and Schippers B 1995 Utilization of heterologous siderophores and rhizosphere competence of fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 41: 126-135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Rengel Z 1997 Root exudation and microflora populations in rhizosphere of crop genotypes differing in tolerance to micronutrient deficiency. Plant and Soil 196: 255-260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Rengel Z, Gutteridge R, Hirsch P and Hornby D 1996 Plant genotype, micronutrient fertilisation and take-all infection influence bacterial populations in the rhizosphere of wheat. Plant and Soil 183: 269-277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Richardson A E 2001 Prospects for using soil microorganisms to improve the acquisition of phosphorus by plants. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 28: 897-906.Google Scholar
  65. Richardson A E, Hadobas P A and Hayes J E 2000 Acid phosphomonoesterase and phytase activities of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) roots and utilization of organic phosphorus substrates by seedlings grown in sterile culture. Plant Cell Environment 23: 397-405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Römheld V 1986 pH changes in the rhizosphere of various crop plants in relation to the supply of plant nutrients. Potash Review 12: 1-12.Google Scholar
  67. Römheld V 1991 The role of phytosiderophores in acquisition of iron and other micronutrients in graminaceous species: an ecological approach. Plant and Soil 130: 127-134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Römheld V and Marschner H 1990 Genotypical differences among graminaceous species in release of phytosiderophores and uptake of iron phytosiderophores. Plant and Soil 123: 147-153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Rouatt J W and Katznelson H 1961 A study of the bacteria on the root surface and in the rhizosphere soil of crop plants. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 24: 164-171.Google Scholar
  70. Schachtman D P, Reid R J and Ayling S M 1998 Phosphorus uptake by plants: from soil to cell. Plant Physiology 116: 47-453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Schaffert R E 1994 Discipline interactions in the quest to adapt plants to soil stresses through nutrient improvement. In: Proceedings of the Workshop on Adaptation of Plants to Soil Stresses. INTSORMIL Pub. No. 94-2. pp. 1-16.Google Scholar
  72. Schönwitz R and Ziegler H 1989 Interaction of maize roots and rhizosphere microorganisms. Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenernahrung und Bodenkunde 152: 217-222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Sheng J and Citovsky V 1996 Agrobacterium – plant cell DNA transport: have virulence proteins, will travel. Plant Cell 8: 1699-1710.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Shishido M and Chanway C P 1999 Spruce growth response specificity after treatment with plant growth-promoting Pseudomonas. Canadian Journal of Botany 77: 22-31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Ström L 1997 Root exudation of organic acids: importance to nutrient availability and the calcifuge and calcicole behaviour of plants. Oikos 80: 459-466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Subbarao G V, Ae N and Otani T 1997 Genotypic variation in iron- and aluminiumphosphate solubilizing activity of pigeonpea root exudates under P deficient conditions. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 43: 295-305.Google Scholar
  77. Takagi S, Nomoto K and Takemoto T 1984 Physiological aspects of mugineic acid; a possible phytosiderophore of graminaceous plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition 7: 469-477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Tarafdar J C and Jungk A 1987 Phosphatase activity in the rhizosphere and its relation to the depletion of soil organic phosphorus. Biology and Fertility of Soils 3: 199-204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Timonin M I 1946 Microflora of the rhizosphere in relation to the manganese - deficiency disease of oats. Soil Science Society of America Proceedings 11: 284-292.Google Scholar
  80. Timonin M I 1965 Interaction of higher plants and soil microorganisms. In: Microbiology and Soil Fertility. C M Gilmore and O N Allen (eds.) pp. 135-138. Oregon State University Press. Corvallis, USA.Google Scholar
  81. Toro M, Azcon R and Barea J M 1997 Improvement of arbuscular mycorrhiza development by inoculation of soil with phosphate-solubilizing rhizobacteria to improve rock phosphate bioavailability and nutrient cycling. Applied Environmental Microbiology 63: 4408-4412.Google Scholar
  82. Trimble R B and Ehrlich H L 1968 Bacteriology of manganese nodules. III. Reduction of MnO2 by two strains of nodule bacteria. Applied Microbiology 16: 695-702.Google Scholar
  83. Trolove S N, Hedley M J, Caradus J R and Mackay A D 1996 Uptake of phosphorus from different sources by Lotus pedunculatus and three genotypes of Trifolium repens. II. Forms of phosphate utilised and acidification of the rhizosphere. Australian Journal of Soil Research 34: 1027-1040.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Tyler G and Ström L 1995 Differing organic acid exudation pattern explains calcifuge and acidifuge behaviour of plants. Annuals of Botany 75: 75-78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Uren N C and Reisenauer H M 1988 The role of root exudates in nutrient acquisition. Advances in Plant Nutrition 3: 79-114.Google Scholar
  86. Uren N C 1981 Chemical reduction of an insoluble higher oxide of manganese by plant roots. Journal of Plant Nutrition 4: 65-71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Vancura V and Hovadik A 1965 Root exudates of plants. II. Composition of root exudates of some vegetables. Plant and Soil 22: 21-32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Von Wiren N, Mori S, Marschner H and Römheld V 1994 Iron inefficiency in maize mutant ys1 (Zea mays L. cv Yellow-stripe) is caused by a defect in uptake of iron phytosiderophores. Plant Physiology 106: 71-77.Google Scholar
  89. Von Wiren N, Römheld V, Shiori T and Marschner H 1995 Competition between micro-organisms and roots of barley and sorghum for iron accumulated in the root apoplasm. New Phytologist 130: 511-521.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Walter A, Römheld V, Marschner H and Crowley D E 1994 Iron nutrition of cucumber and maize: effect of Pseudomonas putida YC3 and its siderophore. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 26: 1023-1031.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Wang Y, Brown H N, Crowley D E and Szaniszlo P J 1993 Evidence of direct utilization of a siderophore, ferrioxamine B, in axenically grown cucumber. Plant Cell Environment 16: 579-585.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Warembourg F R and Billes G 1973 Estimating carbon transfers in the plant rhizosphere. In: The Soil-Root Interface. J L Harley and RS Scott-Russell (eds.) pp. 183-196. Academic Press. London.Google Scholar
  93. Welch R M 1995 Micronutrient nutrition of plants. Critical Reviews in Plant Science 14: 49-82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Whipps J M and Lynch J M 1983 Substrate flow and utilization in the rhizosphere of cereals. New Phytologist 95: 605-623.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Whitelaw M A, Harden T J and Helyar K R 1999 Phosphate solubilisation in solution culture by the soil fungus Penicillium radicum. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 31: 655-665.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Wiehe W and Höflich G 1995 Survival of plant growth-promoting rhizosphere bacteria in the rhizosphere of different crops and migration to non-inoculated plants under field conditions in north-east Germany. Microbiological Research 150: 201-206.Google Scholar
  97. Yan X, Lynch J P and Beebe S E 1996 Utilization of phosphorus substrates by contrasting common bean genotypes. Crop Science 36: 936-941.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Yehuda Z, Shenker M, Römheld V, Marschner H, Hadar Y and Chen Y 1996 The role of ligand exchange in the uptake of iron from microbial siderophores by gramineous plants. Plant Physiology 112: 1273-1280.Google Scholar
  99. Zhang F S, Ma J and Cao Y P 1997 Phosphorus deficiency enhances root exudation of low-molecular weight organic acids and utilization of sparingly soluble inorganic phosphates by radish (Raphanus sativus L.) and rape (Brassica napus L.) plants. Plant and Soil 196: 261-264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Zhu Y, Pierson L S and Hawes M C 1997 Induction of microbial genes for pathogenesis and symbiosis by chemicals from root border cells. Plant Physiology 115: 1691-1698.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Petra Marschner
    • 1
  • Zdenko Rengel
    • 2
  1. 1.Soil and Land Systems, School of Earth and Environmental SciencesThe University of AdelaideGlen OsmondAustralia
  2. 2.School of Earth and Geographical Sciences, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural SciencesThe University of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia

Personalised recommendations