Family-related Gender Attitudes

The Three Dimensions: “Gender-role Ideology”, “Consequences for the Family”, and “Economic Consequences”
  • Dimiter Philipov
Part of the European Studies of Population book series (ESPO, volume 16/2)


This article discusses gender attitudes of adults aged below 40 towards the division of labour in the family. It presents a comparative analysis of ten European countries. Three dimensions of gender attitudes are considered: gender-role ideology, family consequences and economic consequences of women’s participation in work. The results indicate that modern gender roles, as described by the “gender ideology” dimension, are less prevalent in the former socialist CEE countries, as compared to Western European countries. Modern gender roles are least prevalent in familistic Italy, where the family consequences dimension is considered. Factors that have an effect on attitude formation do not reveal an explicit international pattern. Decreasing religiosity, higher education and women in work correlate positively with increasing preference in modern gender roles, but the results are not equal for the three dimensions. Intentions to become a parent seem to be correlated with the “gender ideology” and to a lesser extent with the “family consequences” dimension. In general, the gender-ideology dimension seems to best represent gender attitudes.


Gender attitudes Gender and family Gender roles Gender-role ideology Gender and fertility intentions 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dimiter Philipov
    • 1
  1. 1.Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften – Institut für DemographieViennaAustria

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