Acceleration Statistics of Inertial Particles from High Resolution DNS Turbulence
We present results from recent direct numerical simulations of heavy particle transport in homogeneous, isotropic, fully developed turbulence, with grid resolution up to 5123 and Rλ ≈ 185. By following the trajectories of millions of particles with different Stokes numbers, St ∈ [0.16 : 3.5], we are able to characterize in full detail the statistics of particle acceleration. We focus on the probability density function of the normalised acceleration a/arms and on the behaviour of their rootmean-squared acceleration arms as a function of both St and Rλ. We explain our findings in terms of two concurrent mechanisms: particle clustering, very effective for small St, and filtering induced by finite particle response time, taking over at larger St.
KeywordsLagrangian turbulence heavy particles Stokes particles acceleration statistics
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